Ib History

Topics: British Empire, British Raj, India Pages: 7 (2112 words) Published: January 23, 2012
What were the most significant causes and effects of the Sepoy Mutiny 1857?

A. Plan of investigation
B. Summary of evidence
C. Evaluation of sources
D. Analysis
E. Conclusion
F. Bibliography

What were the significance causes and effects of the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857?

The investigation assesses the significance of the causes of Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. In order to evaluate the causes, the investigation evaluates different ways Indians reacted towards the English in the 1800s; the Indian rulers trying to get out of the policies they were tied with the East India Company; the Indian community outraged with the English intervention in their religion as well as the Indian soldiers who were offended by The use of animal fat in the New Enfield Rifle. Facts and books are mostly used to evaluate the causes and effects of the Sepoy Mutiny. Two of the sources used in this essay, The history of India by John McLeod and India A history by John Keay are than evaluated for their origins, purposes, values and limitations The investigation does not assess the revolts that took place nor the militaristic aspect of the revolt B. Summary of Evidence

Prior to the relations between India and the East India Company, the 19th century was filled with local uprisings as a response to British rule. Some were between the landowners protesting land revenue assessments, nomads trying to drive out peasants out from their lands, the Indian soldiers in east India company weren’t paid the same amount as the British soldiers which made a contribution to fire up a revolt; some were of the Indian princes and kings who were tied under British policies to rule their kingdom and wanting to once again total control of government and not be like the puppets they were 1. In 1857 lord Dalhousie introduced the new Enfield rifle whose cartridges were being greased with tallow containing both pig’s fat and cows’ fat, the Indian soldiers felt offended since cow was sacred to Hindus and pork is banned in Islam

1McLeod, John. The history of India. Westport: Greenwood Pub Group, 2002. 81. 2 Keay, John. India:a history.Atlantic Monthly Press books, 2001.165

Three basic factors that created unrest: the political frustration of the Indian aristocracy, the westernization by the Britishers and the bitterness of the disinherited taxing of farming class. The British officers preached Christianity to their men, thus had awakened fears among the soldiers that their religions were under attack and the rumors about the grease only seemed to confirm them that the officers were trying to change them by baptizing them5. Indian rulers lacked a pan Indian dimension, they were unable to stick together with each other and kept fighting against themselves taking aid of the East India Company and didn’t realize they were in a snare set up by the East India Company. When some of the rulers figured out the politics behind it such as Siraj- ud- daulah and, ruler of Bengal. They tried to drive out English out of India 6. When the revolt took place Bristishers had advantages since many of the rulers remained aloof, English had more organized army and weapons while the Indians had hard times just to unite into a single power to overthrow British government since some of the rulers sided with British and some just remained neutral. The revolt was a total disaster for Indians as the revolt was put down and many of their villages were pillaged and conquered by East India Company. After the revolt British gained total control over India since they had put down the revolt, after gaining control they started modernizing India socially, economically and politically. The Mughal dynasty had lost all power but was still highly regarded by Indians, but the ruler Bahadur Shah II was sent to exile in Britain 10. The control of the Indian subcontinent was transferred from the company to the “crown”, the British government, through a newly...
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