IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets as issued at 1 January 2012. Includes IFRSs with an effective date after 1 January 2012 but not the IFRSs they will replace. This extract has been prepared by IFRS Foundation staff and has not been approved by the IASB. For the requirements reference must be made to International Financial Reporting Standards.
The objective of this Standard is to ensure that appropriate recognition criteria and measurement bases are applied to provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets and that sufficient information is disclosed in the notes to enable users to understand their nature, timing and amount. IAS 37 prescribes the accounting and disclosure for all provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets, except: (a) those resulting from financial instruments that are carried at fair value; (b) those resulting from executory contracts, except where the contract is onerous. Executory contracts are contracts under which neither party has performed any of its obligations or both parties have partially performed their obligations to an equal extent; (c) those arising in insurance entities from contracts with policyholders; or (d) those covered by another Standard. Provisions A provision is a liability of uncertain timing or amount. Recognition
A provision should be recognised when: (a) an entity has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event; (b) it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; and (c) a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.
If these conditions are not met, no provision shall be recognised. In rare cases it is not clear whether there is a present obligation. In these cases, a past event is deemed to give rise to a present obligation if, taking account of all available evidence, it is more likely than not that a present...