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Hyponyms, Meronyms, Homonyms, and Synonyms
Posting by Fitry Mayanti on Saturday, December 26, 2009
Label: semantics
Hyponymy is the relationship between hyponyms. Hyponyms is the word the meaning ofwhich may be said to be included in that of another word. For example:

-Rose is a hyponym of flower
-Spinster is a hyponym of woman

Hyponym is transitive. Potato is a kind of vegetables, and vegetable is a kind of plant. Potato is also a hyponym of plants as we can say potato is a kind of plant. If A is a hyponym of B, then A is a kind of B. Meronymy is the relationship between meronyms. Meronyms is a part-whole relationshipbetween lexical items. For example:

-Finger is a meronym of hand
-Cover and page are meronyms of book

X is a meronym of Y if Xs are parts of Y(s), or X is a meronym of Y if Xs are members of Y(s). As in a page is part of a book, or a book has pages.

Homonyms are different words which are pronounced the same, but have different meanings. When the same word has different meanings, we call it polysemous.Homonyms and polysemy may create ambiguity. An expression is ambiguous if more than one meaning can be assigned to it.

Synonymy is the relationship between synonyms. Synonyms are words which sound different, but have the same or nearly the same meanings and therefore may often be used interchangeably.

An example of synonyms is the words cat and feline. Each describes any member of the family Felidae. Similarly, if we talk about a long time or an extended time, long, andextended become synonyms.

More examples of English synonyms are:
-Baby and infant (noun)
-Student and pupil (noun)
-Pretty and attractive (adjective)
-Sick and ill (adjective)
-Interesting and fascinating (adjective)
-Quickly and speedily (adverb)
Collocation Lists
On this page you can find a few short lists of collocations to give you more of an idea about them. Many good learner's dictionaries show collocations associated with specific words. There...
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