Besa, Lorna C., Derequito, Lester Jay E., Nepomuceno, Kim M., Belen, Gladys C., Belen, Rosemarie H., Coroza, Vivian V., and Salvosa, Melchor Felipe Q.
This research paper assesses the level of awareness and hygienic practices and their health impacts in Brgy. Kuligligan, San Pablo City. Descriptive type of research was employed in the study. Sixty (60) respondents were purposively selected to participate. The self-made questionnaire was the main instrument. The percentage formula and weighted mean were used for the presentation, analyses and interpretation of the data. The study revealed that regular washing of the body and proper waste disposal were always being practiced by the residents. And the respondents were aware that dengue may be prevented if proper hygiene is being practiced. The study recommends that proper wearing of gloves and boots should be taught to the residents; Animals should always be kept away from households; Barangay officials and health workers must provide the residents with trash cans or an area where they can place or throw their garbage; Barangay officials together with the student nurse must provide awareness campaign about proper hygiene; and health officers must advice residents to wear protective equipment to help prevent the spread of infection from one person to another.
Personal hygiene, community hygiene, awareness
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) good health is not merely the absence of disease; it is also a reflection of the social and mental well-being of people in a community. It is impossible to define precisely what is "healthy" for all communities, because this will depend on the perceptions of community members as to whether their village is a "good" place to live. However, a village or rural community can be considered healthy when rates of infectious diseases are low, when community members have access to basic services and health care that meets their needs, and when the community lives in a state of reasonable harmony. Many factors determine the health both of individuals and of the communities in which they live. According to Howard (2002), factors that influence health can be grouped as follows: environment, awareness of individuals and communities about health, personal hygiene, health care and disease. Many factors influence health and some may have both good and bad influences. Personal hygiene practices include: regular washing (bathing or showering) of the body, regular hand washing, brushing and flossing of the teeth, basic manicure and pedicure, feminine hygiene and healthy eating. Personal grooming extends personal hygiene as it pertains to the maintenance of a good personal and public appearance which need not necessarily be hygienic (Coates, 2005).
Some health measures can be undertaken only by the community as a whole; these include water source protection, proper disposal of solid waste and excreta, wastewater drainage, controlling animal rearing and market hygiene. Some of these issues have been described in earlier sections. Individual community members play an important role in community hygiene, and have a responsibility to their neighbors and to the community to promote good health and a clean environment (Simpson, 2007).
Promoting good proper hygiene often requires that community members are mobilized towards this goal and awareness is raised about how to achieve it. The goal of hygiene promotion is to help people to understand and develop good hygiene practices, so as to prevent disease and promote positive attitudes towards cleanliness. Several community development activities can be used to achieve this goal, including education and learning programs, encouraging community management of environmental health facilities, and social mobilization and...