With religious tension and minority oppression, Syria is a country that is familiar to revolutions. With an alawite dominated government the Assad regime has used deadly force to suppress opposition in many different situations. Although in the past the Syrian government has successfully stopped revolutions, in the 21st century the chances are slim. Due to advances in social networking like facebook, neighboring countries with the same situation, and exogenous forces supporting the opposition, the possibility of president Assad keeping power is next to none.
This is one example of how the Syrian people organized against the Syrian government. By creating group events on facebook, anyone with a facebook can view the information on the page. From there people can figure out how much people are going, where the protest is going to be, and what time it will take place. This was of huge importance during the Arab Spring for all countries that were involved.
When Bashar al Assad took power in 2000 after the death of his father Hafez al Assad he promise drastic reform by releasing political prisoners and liberalizing politics and the economy. During the first 6 months of his presidency he was true to his word with the release of hundreds of political prisoners and open discussions of the countries problems. In 2001 Assads promise make a complete 180 degree turn as reformers were arrested and citizens were constantly watched by Syria’s secret police.
Years after failed attempts at reform, opposition groups still haven't made any significant advances or changes in the Assad regime. 2011 that changed when several children were detained and tortured for writing anti-assad graffiti. Massive anti-government protests that were organized in the small southern town of Dara’a spread throughout the nation to large cities like Homs and Hama to show their outrage for the detained children and the strict censorship of the syrian government. To combat the large groups of protesters the Syrian government used deadly force to quell any idea of revolution. But with the use of live rounds on innocent civilians many soldiers deserted their post in disgust to organize anti-government militias. Evolving the crisis in Syria from peaceful protests to armed conflict. The situation in Syria is escalating quickly since the start of the syrian uprising in march of 2011. Over 40,000 civilians have been killed and over 1.2 million Syrians are internally displaced. Although in 1982 former president Assad Sr. successfully quelled an uprising in Hama lead by the Muslim Brotherhood that kill more than 20,000 sunni civilians in less than one month the chances of quelling this revolution is quite smaller.
With strong censorship, limited freedoms, and minority dominated governments Syria was a strong candidate for a revolution. In 2001 a publication law prevented anything that tarnished the state’s reputation and lead to the arrest of hundreds of journalist especially during the arab spring. Media is strongly censored as all broadcast media is state owned, and arbitrary refusal of publication license. There are still dozens of privately owned newspapers but sadly all material must be submit to government censorship to approve of it as pro government. Internet is restricted as well and has to be ran through state supported servers that denies access to over 200 sites that have anti government propaganda.
Religion is generally tolerated throughout Syria but the Alawite religion an offshoot of shia muslim which only holds 13 percent of the population of Syria dominates the Syrian government and the officer corp of the military since Bashar al Assad’s father took power in 1971. People of the Kurd religion have been severely harassed as well, as Syrian publishers are not allowed to publish anything in the official language of the Kurdish people. There are estimates that over 300,000 syrian kurds are not able to obtain the proper...
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