Hydrological Classification of Soils Along Toposequences in Ikpa River Basin, Akwa Ibom State

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 280
  • Published : December 18, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
HYDROLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF SOILS ALONG TOPOSEQUENCES IN IKPA RIVER BASIN, AKWA IBOM STATE, SOUTH-EASTERN NIGERIA.

A RESEARCH PROJECT BY

WILLIAMS, UBONG OKON

SUBMITTED TO

THE DEPARTMENT OF SOIL SCIENCE
UNIVERSITY OF UYO

IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF BACHELOR OF AGRICULTURE (B. AGRIC.) DEGREE IN SOIL SCIENCE

DECEMBER, 2012

CERTIFICATION
This is to certify that this research project Hydrological Classification of Soils along Toposequences in Ikpa River Basin was carried out by WILLIAMS, UBONG OKON with registration number 05/AG/SS/183 of the department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Uyo, Uyo.

DR. PETER I. OGBANSignature.........……………...… (Supervisor)Date…………………………….

DR. GREGORY S. EFFIONGSignature………………………… (Head, Department of Soil Science)Date………………………………

Prof. Ini AkpabioSignature………………………… (Dean, Faculty of Agriculture) Date………………………………

Prof. Ebong T. EshettSignature………………………… (External Supervisor) Date………………………………

DEDICATION
This research project is dedicated to the Almighty God for His strength and guidance; and to my beloved parents; Elder/Mrs Okon Williams, for their unflinching support and encouragement throughout my period of study in the University.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I sincerely thank my supervisor, Dr. Peter I. Ogban, for his assistance in all aspect of this work. I am grateful to my lecturers in the Department of Soil Sciencenamely, The Head of Department Dr. G. S. Effiong, and Prof. T. O. Ibia, Prof. Ivara Esu, Prof. O. A. Opara-Nadi, Dr. S. O. Edem, Dr. B. T. Udo, Dr. J. C. Obi, Dr. U. C. Udoinyang, Dr. U. S. Akpan, Mr. I. D. Edem, and Mr. G. U. Akpan for their support and assistance. I wish to thank Dr. N. U. Ndaeyo and Dr. Emem Inyang for their support in the cause of this work. I also acknowledge the laboratory technologists as well as the secretarial staff of Soil Science Department for their assistance. I am also grateful to Christiana Edet, Patience Ama and Owoidoho Ekaette, my project mates, for their motivation. I am particularly thankful to Nkese-abasi Edet, David Okpok, Itohoinyene Atakpo, Udom Raphael, Rare Iwok, Etim Ibanga, Sunday Nkereuwem, Ime Daniel, Oludayo Ojumoke, Adaeze Umoegbu, Gladys Udofia, Ubong Akpanim, Abraham Patrick, Peter Bassey, Joshua Enang, Sifonde Dominic, Imaobong Moses and Edidiong Akpan and Hon. Christian Tom for their support in diverse ways. I specially thank the family of Deacon/Mrs Etiese Mfon, Late (Hon) Elder Aniedi Inuaesiet, Deaconess Grace I. Etuk of Internal Audit, University of Uyo, as well as Mr Utibe Utin of Soil Science Department, for their support, advice and concern in the cause of this work as well as my academic pursuit. To my siblings and cousins, Emediong Williams, Emem Sunday Ben, Mary Asuquo, Ubong Etette, Victor Ben, and Ndifreke Edim, I am grateful. Finally, I appreciate the support of my uncles, Engr. Sunday Williams and Mr Samuel Jimmy as well as my aunties, Deaconess Emilia Edet Joe and Affiong Jimmy. I also acknowledge the contributions of the Truth Family.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page-------I
Certification-------ii
Dedication-------iii
Acknowledgement-------iv
Abstract-------vi
Table of Contents-------vii
Lists of Tables-------x
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION-------1
CHAPTER TWO
2.1 Definition and concept of hydrology---4
2.2 Hydrological properties that affect water movement7
2.2.1 Soil porosity-------7
2.2.2 Soil permeability ------7
2.2.3 Water holding capacity-----8
2.2.4 Bulk density -----9
2.2.5 Permanent wilting point water content - --9
2.2.6 Field capacity water content----9
2.2.7 Saturated hydraulic conductivity----10
2.2.8 Infiltration------10
2.3Hydrological soil groups----10

CHAPTER THREE
MATERIALS AND METHODS
3.1 Location of...
tracking img