Hydraulics and Hydrology Lec

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48362 – HYDRAULICS and
HYDROLOGY
James E Ball - Hydrology Component

SUBJECT DETAILS

1

CONTACTS


Assoc Prof James Ball





james.ball@uts.edu.au
ph – 9514 2623

Office Hours



Monday 2:00 – 4:00pm
Contact by email for appointment

SUBJECT CONCEPT
The objective of this component of the subject
is:


Introduce engineering hydrology;



Introduce hydrological processes;



Introduce flood estimation; and



Introduce engineering hydrology applications
in water resources management.

2

SUBJECT CONCEPT
This introduction is aimed at:


Providing an ability to apply commonly used
methods in hydrology; and



Provide an understanding of the theory
behind these methods.

REFERENCES
Three references that may be useful are


Applied Hydrology – Chow, Maidment &
Mays, McGraw-Hill Book Co.



Hydrology An Australian Introduction –
Ladson, Oxford University Press



Australian Rainfall & Runoff – A Guide to
Flood Estimation – Engineers Australia

No published Course Notes are available for
this subject.

3

SUBJECT DOCUMENTS
UTS-Online will be used for distribution of


Copies of lecture slides;



Reading material; and



Tutorial problems.

Students should note that additional reference
books may be noted in the lecture slides.

LECTURE STRUCTURE
Each Hydrology lecture period will comprise:


2 hour lecture; and



1 hour tutorial.

It is expected that students will have accessed
the lecture slides, reading material and tutorials
prior to the lecture period.

4

SUBJECT TIMETABLE
Date

Topic

27 February

Hydrology and Water Resources

5 March

Meteorology

12 March

Hydrologic Data

19 March

Surface Water

27 March

Storm Runoff

2 April

Hydrologic Design

9 April

Design Rainfall

1 May

Peak Flow Estimation

7 May

Hydrograph Estimation – Part 1

13 May

Hydrograph Estimation – Part 2

14 May

Environmental Flows

21 May

Water Sensitive Urban Design

4 June

Course Review

HYDROLOGIC CYCLE

Lecture 1

5

CONTENT


Introduction to Hydrology



Development of Hydrology



Hydrologic Cycle



Australian Hydrology

INTRODUCTION

6

DEFINITION OF HYDROLOGY
Greek word:
Hydor => water & ology => study of

Hydraulics comes from Greek word hydraulikos
which in turn comes from hydor (Greek for
water) and aulos (meaning pipe).

DEFINITION OF HYDROLOGY
UNESCO (1979)1 defines hydrology as
“the physical science which treats the waters of
the Earth, their Occurrence, Circulation and
Distribution, their Chemical and Physical
Properties, and their Reaction with the
Environment”.

1 UNESCO, (1979), Impact of urbanisation and industrialisation on water resources planning and management, Studies and Reports in Hydrology, UNESCO, UNESCO, Paris.

7

WATER
Water is essential for maintenance of life.
Early civilisations were concentrated on rivers



establishment of settlements near rivers
analogous to looking for signs of water on Mars

Management of water is multi-disciplinary; many
professions are involved.

WATER
Variety of problems encountered include


Flood mitigation



Sanitary sewer systems



Land drainage



Water Supply



Culvert and bridge
design



Environmental Flows



Erosion



Mine tailings



Drought



Adaptation to climate
change



Irrigation systems



Hydro-electric and
power generation



Stormwater systems

8

RURAL FLOODING

URBAN FLOODS

9

STORMWATER STRUCTURES

STORMWATER DRAINS

10

WATER SUPPLY

HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER

11

IRRIGATION SCHEMES

DROUGHT

12

DEVELOPMENT OF HYDROLOGY
Ancient civilisations were integrated with their
river valleys.
Examples are







Egyptian Civilisations and the Nile Valley
Mesopotamian Civilisations and the...
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