Samuel Huntington proposed a theory in his article “The Clash of Civilizations” that cultural and religious identities will be the main cause of conflict in the post Cold War world. According to Huntington, the world can be divided into roughly seven to eight “civilizations” which include the West, Latin, Orthodox, Islamic, Confucian, Hindu, and Japanese. (pp. 2) Huntington states six reasons for the clash of civilizations; 1) Differences among civilizations have generated the most prolonged and the most violent conflicts (pp. 2) 2) The world is becoming a smaller place. Interactions between people of different civilizations intensify consciousness and awareness (pp. 3) 3) The process of economic modernization and social change throughout the world are separating people from longstanding local identities (pp. 3) 4) The growth of civilization- consciousness is enhanced by the role of the west (pp. 3) 5) Cultural characteristics and differences are less mutable and hence less easily compromised and resolved than political and economical ones (pg. 3) 6) Economic regionalism is increasing (pp. 3)
Though this article can be easily evaluated as oversimplified, it also seems to leave out the inevitability of indigenous conflicts, which are characteristically, a main cause of international involvement, such as militant groups overthrowing their government. Huntington also seems to suggest that future conflicts will be started by non-Western civilizations in reaction to Western power and military superiority.
To be honest, this article reeks of someone trying not to be Eurocentrically bias, but failing miserably to do so. It also reminds me of the South Park Episode where we find out that “Earth” is just an alien reality show.