In the twentieth century the government in South Africa made it legal to separate the races according to their skin colour. Blacks, whites, coloureds and Asians lived in separated areas under the policy of apartheid. Anyone who criticised the government was “banned” and faced prison. Blacks had to register if they wanted to go into white areas. Blacks, Asians and coloureds were denied their basic human rights under the policy of apartheid
High standard of living, earning good wages and having a high level of education 15% of the population but owned 84% of the land Many whites believed that Africans were inferior to them and were not intelligent and hard working. The government was dominated by the white population who were determined not to allow the blacks have any political power
Low standard of living with many blacks earning less than the national average and received a poor education. Africans did not have the right to vote, therefore they had very little power to improve their situation Africans were restricted to the amount of land that they owned and farmed. Africans did not have the freedom of movement. This meant that they needed to have permission to travel certain areas.
Apartheid in South Africa
End of Apartheid:
Methods used to resolve the conflict in South Africa: African National Congress (ANC)fought for the rights of the blacks using non-violent actions (i.e. peaceful demonstrations) but later on the ANC turned to violence to achieve their aims. Many foreign governments took action against apartheid. In 1986 both the USA and EEC countries imposed sanctions against the white government but this did not stop apartheid. Government passed a series of laws against those who opposed Apartheid. In the 1980s South Africa was declared a state of emergency because of the ongoing violence ANC and the government entered into negotiations-ANC wanted the end to apartheid with blacks votes and the government wanted to end violence and veto black votes In Feb. 1991 the government announced the end of all apartheid laws In April 1994 all adults were allowed to vote this included 16 million blacks-ANC won 62% of the votes and in May Mandela became president.
Population Registration Act: this divided the nation according to the colour of their skin. Mixed Marriages Act: It was against the law for a white person to marry any other race. Groups Area Act: this divided South Africa up into different areas where the different race groups could live. Pass Laws: these laws made it compulsory for blacks to carry pass books (Identity cards) at all times to enter white areas or face prison.
Main contenders: The Allies:
Britain under Chamberlain and Churchill France under De Gaulle United States under Roosevelt Russia under Stalin
Causes of WWII:
Appeasement: A policy held by Britain and France towards Germany that failed in1939 Invasion of Poland: Germany invaded Poland in September 1939. France and Britain declared war on Germany Treaty of Versailles: Hitler broke many of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles that was signed in 1919 by Germany after WWI Failure of League of Nations: Organisation that was set up to prevent another war in1919 but did not have much power. Hitler’s actions: Hitler wanted to rebuild Germany as a great power
Invasion of Poland (1939): Pearl Harbour (1941): Japan
invades an American naval base in the Pacific. Battle of Britain (1940): Germany used its air force to attack Britain. RAF defended Britain and Germany failed in its attempts. Dunkirk (1940): The Allies were surrounded by the Germans at Dunkirk but were rescued by the navy. Hiroshima (Aug 1945): The first atomic bomb was dropped here by the Americans and Japan surrendered.
The Axis Powers
Germany under Hitler Italy under Mussolini Japan under the emperor Hirohito
World War II
How did the war end?
In April 1945 the Allies and the Soviet army invaded Berlin and the...