According to Hume justice and plausible objective to metaphysics is that it's not a proper science. Hume claims that metaphysics raises from unnecessary human effort and make you think of such abstract ideas that they seem inaccessible to fully understand. Hume even speaks of metaphysics as a cover to protect weaknesses.
What general maxim does Hume state in §II of Enquiry? Explain in detail one of the two arguments Hume gives to support this general maxim?
The general maxim Hume states is the distinction between complex and simple impressions or ideas. For example the color red is a simple impression where as see all the colors on my computer screen is a complex impression. A simple idea might be a memory of seeing a horse while a complex idea might be the idea of a unicorn. Complex ideas are impression is compounded out of the simple ones. So if we take the example of a golden mountain, the Golden Mountain would be the complex impression because it is compounded with other simples (gold, mound of dirt) ideas so when everything is broken down we realize that all ideas end up being copies of impressions.
Explain the "contradictory phenomenon" to the general maxim in §II of Enquiry. Does this "contradictory phenomenon" refute the general maxim? Why or Why not?
The contradictory phenomenon to the general maxim is that it is possible for an idea to arise on its own though we have never experienced it. For example take five different shades of blue and if one shade is missing then it is noticeable that one shade is missing because the will be a gap in between the color where one more shade belong. You can keep your hypothesis even though there might be a counter example as long as you note that there is a counter example. This proves that simple ideas are not always copies of impressions. [continues]
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