Humanities

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1. Definition of Terms
ART - is the quality, production, expression, or realm, according toaesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance. VISUAL ARTS - Any of the art forms used to create such art. Art work, such as painting, photography, or sculpture that appeals primarily to the visual sense and typically exists in permanent form. PAINTING- is the process, art, or occupation of coating surfaces with paint for a utilitarian or artistic effect. SCULPTURE- is the art of making two- or three-dimensional representative or abstract forms, esp. by carving stone or wood or by casting metal or plaster. ARCHITECTURE - The art or practice of designing and constructing buildings. MUSIC - The art or science of combining vocal or instrumental sounds to produce beauty of form, harmony, and expression of emotion. DANCE – is to move rhythmically to music, typically following a set sequence of steps. THEATER- a place or sphere of enactment of usually significant events or action.  THEATRE-The activity or profession of acting in, producing, directing, or writing plays. LITERATURE- is written works, esp. those considered of superior or lasting artistic merit. FILM/MOTION PICTURE-sequence of images of moving objects photographed by a camera and providing the optical illusion of continuous movement when projected onto a screen. 2. Discuss or Enumerate

ELEMETS OF VISUAL ARTS
SHAPE
* biomorphic shape: a shape that is naturalistic or organic * geometric: a shape that is regular and predictable
like this painting by Mondrian
* amorphous: not easily defined as organic or geometric
* form: refers to three-dimensional shapes
This work by David Smith is a good example of a geometric form. The Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain, built in 1997 is a great example of organic form. * volume: is related to amount of space a form uses

* positive and negative shapes: positive indicates filled space and negative indicates empty space. These work together to form figure-ground relationships. * figure-ground reversals: create optical illusions that contradict our perceptions of positive-negative MASS

* actual mass: has measurable volume and weight
* implied mass: the illusion of volume and weight
Light and Value
VALUE is the relative lightness or darkness of an art element CHIAROSCURO  is a formula and pattern used to approximate light projected on a three-dimensional surface. DESCRIPTIVE AND EXPRESSIVE PROPERTIES OF VALUE is the use of value to create an emotional message in a work of art. Color

PSYCHOLOGICAL DIMENSIONS OF COLOR: HUE, VALUE, AND SATURATION * hue refers to the general colors of the spectrum
* saturation  is the pure intensity of a color
* shades  are dark values of a color
* tints  are light values of a color
COMPLEMENTARY VERSUS ANALOGOUS COLORS
* complementary colors are colors which are opposite each other on the color wheel  and dramatically different in wavelength A good example of the use of color complements is in the 15th Century painting "The Arnolfini Wedding" by Jan Van Eyck * primary colors  (red, yellow, and blue) are those that cannot be produced by mixing two other colors together * secondary colors  (violet, orange, and green) are those that are produced when two primaries are mixed * analogous colors are those that are next to each other on the color wheel and share similar wavelenghts LOCAL VERSUS OPTICAL COLOR

* local color is the color that an object has in normal light * optical color  is color produced through our visual perception Haystack at Sunset Near Giverny by Clause Monetis a great example of optical color Texture

ACTUAL TEXTURE is tactile it is more than visual information VISUAL TEXTURE is the illusion of texture
* trompe l'oeil is a method of art that is intended to create a realistic illusion of texture and depth in a work of art. The term means "fool the eye" in French. SUBVERSIVE...
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