HUNANITARIANISM AND ENVIRONMENT CHANGE
“Humanitarianism consists in never sacrificing a human being to a purpose.”
Humanitarianism may be defined as an ethics of kindness, benevolence and sympathy extended universally and impartially to all human beings. It has been an evolving concept historically, but universally is a common element in its evolution. The definition simply says the duty of people to promote human welfare. Advance Science and Technology, Education, Socialization, Modernization, Globalization and Industrialization are some of the components of human welfare. But all these components are also equally responsible for environment change around us. Scientifically, Environment encompasses all living and nonliving things occurring naturally on the Earth or some region thereof. It includes air, water, soil, rocks, vegetation, micro-organism, energy, radiation, electric charge, magnetism and of course human being. Because of the intervention of man for the sake of human development now-a-days environment is gradually changing. Development of human welfare is now at the cost of adverse environment change which will cost to human being too.
Environment change mainly refers to environment pollution i.e. Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Soil Pollution, Noise Pollution etc. industrialization is regarded as the symbol of more economic growth of a country. The more a country is economically advanced the more it is considered to be developed. But now unfortunately it is also true that the more developed a country is, the more it s environment is polluted. There are thousands of industries worldwide and so as the pollutants released by them too. Release of industrial pollutants from North America Is 5.7 billion kilogram. The World is heading with a greater speed. Science and Technology has been making the life of people simpler and better. All around the world are time concerned now. Use of vehicle has reduced the time waste. But at the same time it also contributes to the environment pollution. About 20% of carbon dioxide emitted in atmosphere comes from burning of gasoline in engine of the vehicles. Depletion in ozone layer is thanks to the emission of chlorofluoro carbon from the use of refrigerator, the blessing of Science to mankind. Trees are being felt down to set up new industries. Deforestation results due to greater urbanization, requirement of land for factories and building, requirement of timbers etc. A tree can produce around 17000tonnes of oxygen per year. But because of deforestation the amount of carbon dioxide gas is becoming high in the atmosphere. Deforestation is to be blamed for 25% of all carbon dioxide release entering the atmosphere by cutting and burning about 34 million acres of trees every year. Most of the terrestrial animals have been extinct due loss of there natural habitat. All these things have been happening due to human interventions. Some of the pollutants produced by human activities are: - Sulphur oxide, nitrogen oxide, Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, Methane, ammonia, smog (smoke+fog) etc. Sulphur Oxide is emitted due to volcano which is a natural process and industrial process. Nitrogen oxide is emitted from high temperature combustion. Incomplete combustion of fuel such as natural gas, coal, wood produces Carbon monoxide. Carbon dioxide and Methane are the two most important green house gases. Methane is 20 times as effectual as carbon dioxide. Coal produces 1.7 times as much as carbon dioxide per unit of energy when flamed as compared to natural gas and 1.25 times as compare to oil. Coal gives 80% more carbon per unit of energy it produces as compared to natural gas. All these pollutants are sufficient to wash out the whole life from the earth and making it intoxicated. All the above factors are not only responsible for air pollution but also responsible for other pollutions too. In our day to day...
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