The nature and extent of the issue
Human trafficking and slavery is moving people through deceptive means, coercion or force. Slavery is acting as if the people are property and control their actions. People are trafficked for a wide variety of reasons : servitude, slavery, forced labour, debt bondage, forced marriage, or organ harvesting. In 2012 the UN Office on Drugs and Crime estimated that over 2.4 million had been trafficked across borders, which doesn’t even include the people trafficked within their own countries. Although it affects both men and women, it is majority women who are being trafficked and the number of children being trafficked is increasing. Trafficking is an issue in nearly every country of the world. However, Australia is the primary destination for people trafficked from Asia, especially Thailand, Korea, The Philippines, and Malaysia.
Many countries have entered into the United Nations Protocol against Trafficking in Persons in 2003 and have passed new or updated legislation. 9 countries still have no legislation and 18 only have partial legislation, which means that there is still a large number of people who are not being protected by the protocol. Although most countries have the legislation for trafficking there are still very few convictions. Almost a fifth of these countries have had no convictions at all. The amount of convictions is actually decreasing which shows how the justice systems are not responding appropriately to the trafficking of persons. In 2013 the Australian Government passed the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Slavery, Slaverylike
Conditions and People Trafficking) Act 2013 (Cth). Some penalties of this include up to 25 years imprisonment. This amended the Criminal Code and added new offences of forced labour, forced marriage and organ trafficking. They have also dedicated $60 million to help ...