Human Trafficking

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Human Trafficking

Human trafficking and prostitution is the fastest increasing criminal industry in the world. Human trafficking is commonly referred to as modern day slavery, and is the illegal trade of human beings for forced labor or exploitation. Women and young children living in poverty are the ones who usually fall into the trap of the traffickers. Prostitution and human trafficking is primarily driven by the need for the rural poor to make income in places like Vietnam, China, Thailand, India, the Philippines, Taiwan, and many other countries. Poverty is the leading cause in human trafficking. Human trafficking is a major problem across the world and should be put to an end.

Historical framework
There are several arguments about when human trafficking could have started. Some say that the slave trade, in which Africans were captured by slave traders and shipped across the Atlantic to the Americas, was the first human trafficking. Others argue that the forced labor of children during the 1700s was the real beginning of what is now known as human trafficking. Human trafficking for sexual purposes was first legally recognized by the term “white slavery”. As defined under U.S. federal law, victims of human trafficking include children involved in the sex trade, adults age 18 or over who are coerced or deceived into commercial sex acts, and anyone forced into different forms of "labor or services," such as domestic workers held in a home, or farm-workers forced to labor against their will.

Sex trafficking involves the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person forced to perform such an act is under the age of eighteen years old. Labor trafficking is defined as the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor services,...
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