The extent at which human trafficking is uncontrollably growing has a colossal impact on the rights of numerous citizens, leading to crimes against humanity. Human trafficking is ranked the third largest international crime behind illegal drugs and arm trafficking (A Profitable). The most common type of human trafficking is the enforcement of labour. Other forms include sex trafficking, involuntary domestic servitude, child soldiery, organ trafficking, and bonded labor. According to the United Nations:
Trafficking in human beings is the recruitment transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipts of persons, by means of threat or the use of force or other forms of coercion, or abduction, of fraud, of deception of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of a person having control over one another, for the person of exploitation. (qtd. in Moore 184) This crime is illegal in most countries, but is beyond the control of the highest authorities. Iran, North Korea, Burma and Cuba are few countries that are failing to meet the minimum standards for prevention of human trafficking (Human Trafficking). Under federal law, a human trafficker can be defined by being any individual who uses physical or mental abuse to force someone into labour, services, or commercial sexual exploitation. “It is a crime that attacks the essence of what it means to be human, and it knows no boundary” (Fisanick 141). Human trafficking is modern day slavery and has increased due to globalization and poverty.
Globalization plays a vital role in the rapid growth of human trafficking as countries advance by interconnecting through technology, trade, and culture. It is believed to generate profits of an estimated $32 billion (A Profitable). Elizabeth Pathy Salett, of the National Multicultural Institute, states, “Globalization and the promise of good jobs and economic opportunity serve to lure women and men to what they believe will bring them a...
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