Throughout history, humans have relied on their ingenuity and adaptability for survival. Regardless of race, country, or culture, people follow similar patterns of exploration, inventiveness, and creativity. After years of careful observation, Maria Montessori was able to identify the importance of tendencies that compel human beings to construct and refine the world around them. The practical application of the Montessori Method is based on human tendencies to explore, move, share with a group, to be independent and make decisions, create order, develop self-control, abstract ideas from experience, use the creative imagination, work hard, repeat, concentrate, and perfect one’s efforts. Tendencies are important to every human being as it draws us to adapt and survive under different circumstances. Therefore, it is necessary to know the definition of tendencies and its general characteristics. Definition of tendencies
What do we understand by the word ‘tendency’ is predisposition to think, act, behave, or proceed in a particular way, an inclining or contributing influence. In other words, tendencies draw human being to achieve something and develop. According to Montessori these tendencies are innate. They are the basis of our predispositions, or as named by Montessori in Formation of Man, our nebulae. Human Tendencies is a natural urge to do something and is developed throughout our development. It is beneficial to know and understand the basic human tendencies that we, as humans develop naturally. Every human being needs to find in the environment oxygen, food, water, love and protection in order to survive and then to develop, so we have to survive first and then to progress. These tendencies help us to become human. These are the ways in which we, humans are all similar. They unite us as a species and distinct humans from animals. ‘There are certain basic factors which do not change. What may change is what is given to the mind.’ The Human Tendencies and Montessori Education - Mario M. Montessori, AMI, pg.16 We can see that tendencies do not change and human tendencies are hereditary. Everyone has the same tendencies, but the way we use them is differently. The tendencies lead us and children learn independently from the environment and adapt to any society.
Tendencies are universal and all human beings have them no matter where they are born in the world, irrespective of culture, nationality, race and religion. •
They are present in all human beings right from birth and as such described as inborn or inert and they last throughout life. •
They are unchanging in the way they function and have remained the same for different generations, but only modified to suit the environment man finds himself in. •
There are several tendencies and all working together and not in isolation, are interconnected.
An important principle in The Absorbent Mind is that education starts from birth, so we must guard the child’s psychic power in the first few years.
The importance of tendencies for human being
These tendencies are important for humankind and they need to be express full to be suitable for us to live and develop. These tendencies are present at all ages of our lives but some are stronger than others during different developmental periods. The tendencies also vary in the way and strength in which they appear in different people but they all exist in some form in every person. And it is these tendencies which guide our development and this one of the reasons why are important for the humankind. Tendencies serve to help human beings survive and develop fully making something of them. Animals have instinct and are born complete with everything they need to survive in an environment. The human beings have tendencies which drive them to explore, develop and adapt in order to survive whatever the environment is.
Human beings have both physical and psychological needs. The physical...
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