7.It is my pride to report that, adjusting for the points I lost for turning in the paper late (and yes, he told me how many those were) I received a 96/100. Not too shabby, especially seeing as how he expressed opposition to the idea of moral bestiality before I wrote this. I must wonder if his opinion has changed 8.
11.Morality is something that one cannot take for granted. We grow up in a culture with certain mass assumptions, certain given taboos, and we accept them. But when one begins to question, when one learns that a certain taboo (such as homosexuality) is in fact a sound practice, it becomes necessary to examine more and more assumptions until you may evaluate a practice on its own grounds, not just the grounds that society has assigned to it. 12.
13.Bestiality is the practice of having sex with a non-human animal- most commonly, horses and dogs. It is assumed that this practice is animal abuse, that it is an issue of power much like rape or pedophilia, that the humans who engage in it are psychologically unsound. This I have questioned. 14.
15.Of course, when considering the ethicality of any action, one must outline what would qualify or disqualify an act. Bestiality would most certainly be immoral should the animal be raped, and it is entirely possible to rape an animal. But just as it is possible to violate consent, it is also possible to obtain it. Bestiality may be considered immoral on other grounds, such as setting back the best interests of the participants or by the mere act displaying a psychological deficiency in the human. It would also be immoral should the human merely use the animal for his/her selfish interests, a means to an end, if you will; however, many bestialists- or zoophiles as some prefer to call themselves- maintain a deep and caring emotional bond with their non-human partners 16.
17.~The animal side: consent and understanding~
19.The foremost considered issue when considering bestiality is that of consent. Can an animal consent? Popular wisdom says no. Before determining whether they may consent however, one must consider what consent is and what it means. 20.
21.Consent, most essentially and basically, is agreeing to participate in an action, or to have an action done upon you, of your own free will. But one must consider more than that; you must have proper knowledge of what the action is, and all information about the proposed situation that may affect your decision. You may consent to have sex with a person, but your decision may have been different had you known that they were married; if he/she did not tell you that, your ability to consent was tampered with. One must also make the decision autonomously, without threats or coercive rewards. 22.
23.So how much of this really applies to animals? An animal can say yes or no, though they cannot speak human language; it is obvious for even the densest of humans that a dog's snarl or a horses raised hoof means "back off". Similarly, animals will ask for sex, though the signals can be less blatant and thus one must pay attention to their behavior to interpret it,...