Human Sexuality

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Test I Key Study Areas

Chapter 1: Introducing the Dimensions of Human Sexuality
1. The Dimensions of Human Sexuality (pages 4-9)
a. Human sexuality
i. A part of your total personality. It involves the interrelationship of biological, psychological, and sociocultural dimensions b. Essentialism
i. Belief that once the cultural and historical aspects are taken away, the essence of sexuality is biological c. Natural part of life
d. Part of our total personality
e. Encompasses sexual knowledge, beliefs, practices, attitudes and values f. Learned
g. Interrelationship of biological, psychological and sociocultural dimensions h. Biological dimension (Physiology of sex)
i. Gender
ii. Genetics
iii. Reproduction
iv. Fertility control
v. Sexual arousal and response
vi. Physiological cycles and changes
vii. Physical appearance
viii. Growth and development
i. Psychological dimension
i. Emotions
ii. Experiences
iii. Self-concept
iv. Motivation
v. Expressiveness
vi. Learned attitudes and behaviors
vii. Body image
j. Sociocultural dimension
i. Religious influences
ii. Multicultural influences
iii. Socioeconomic influences (income, education) iv. Ethical influences
v. Media influences
vi. Political policy
k. Social construction
i. The belief that sexual identities are acquired from and influenced and modified by an ever-changing social environment l. Ethnicity
i. The degree of identification an individual feels with a particular ethnic group 2. The Sexual Revolution
a. Changes related to sexuality began almost 100 year ago b. Boarding
c. 1870’s women’s lib movement
3. Control of Sexual Behavior
a. Procreation
i. Sexual intercourse for the purpose of reproduction b. Sermathorrhea
i. Emission of semen during sleep
c. Moral and legal codes
i. Sexual activity outside of marriage was a sin ii. Sexual union lawful only for the purpose of procreating iii. Unlawful to show outward affection in public d. No intercourse during menstruation or breastfeeding e. Gadgets to control nocturnal emissions

f. “Natural” position
4. Conception
5. Contraception

Chapter 2: Sexuality Research
1. Richard von Krafft-Ebing
a. Physician who worked primarily with sexually disturbed people b. Sex was something to fear
c. Supported what we know as the double standard
i. Whereby men have sexual freedoms, women do not. d. Writings had tremendous influence on many physicians 2. Sigmund Freud
a. Psychological researcher
b. Developed theories about:
i. Human development
ii. Personality (id, ego, superego)
iii. Psychopathology
c. Viewed sexuality and sexual pleasure as a central part of human life d. Suggested that early childhood experiences had strong consequences on adult functioning 3. Magnus Hirschfeld

a. German physician
b. Homosexual and transvestite
i. “Transvestism”
c. Sexual orientation naturally occurred
d. 1913 founded the Medical Society for Sexology and Eugenics e. 1914 published Homosexualities in Men and Women
f. 1919 open the Institute for Sexual Science in Berlin g. 1926 five-volume Sexual Knowledge
h. Institute for Sexology
4. Clelia Mosher
a. Physician educated at Johns Hopkins
b. Main goal was to...
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