December 11, 2012
College Writing- Final Paper
Modern-Day Slavery: Human Sex Trafficking
Human sex trafficking is a federal crime that affects millions of children in the United States every year. Human sex trafficking has a stereotype of women being abused, beaten, and sexually prostituted in other counties such as Asia or Africa, but this crime happens to both men and women, children young and old, and happens here in the USA. Although many Americans are unaware that human sex trafficking goes on in the US, it is a problem that happens more often than people think and requires education to others on the topic, as well as more enforcement from police and law enforcement officials.
Human trafficking is the act of recruiting, transferring, or receiving a person through the use of force for the purpose of exploiting them. Specifically, human sex trafficking involves a man or a women who “traffics,” and forces others to have sexual intercourse with someone else for money. Human sex trafficking is derogatory, disrespectful, and takes away people’s basic rights as a human being. According to Ms. Walker-Rodriquez assistant state's attorney and a current member of the Maryland Human Trafficking Task Force, “Not only is human sex trafficking slavery but it is big business. It is the fastest-growing business of organized crime and the third-largest criminal enterprise in the world” (Rodriguez, FBI.gov). It involves both physical and mental abuse, as well as bully tactics, and drugs in order to have full control over these individuals. This crime usually has life-long psychological effects on the people being affected, and could end in death. The major problem with human sex trafficking is that the person trafficking only cares about money, will do anything for money, and those being trafficked are often the most vulnerable people that will let the trafficker control them without even realizing what is going on.
The most vulnerable group of people that human sex trafficking affects are children ages nine to eighteen. According to the U.S. Department of Justice, “of the 2,515 cases reported, more than 1,000 of those involved children” (Baldras USAToday). That is just the number of cases being reported, however one can conclude that there are many more cases than those being reported because of a child’s fear to come out and tell someone what is happening to them, as well as the low rate of enforcement against this crime. The children being affected are usually run-aways; these children are coming from broken homes, some financially unstable, some having damaged relationships with parents, and some having experience with domestic abuse. This makes them very vulnerable because they are still developing and cannot even fully distinguish from what is right and wrong. An estimated 80% of the children being affected each year are girls, and the average age being affected is twelve years old, but some can be as young as nine. These facts just emphasize how vulnerable these children are which makes it easier for the trafficker to abduct and control them.
In contrast to the innocent children being trafficked, the trafficker, often known as “the pimp,” is driven by two primary factors: high profits and low risks. These are greedy people that have no morals and only want money. The National Human Trafficking Resource Center estimates “it’s a $32 billion industry, with half coming from the United States” (USAToday). Also, it is a low risk for the trafficker because often children either do not understand that what is going on is wrong, or are too scared to come out and are trapped by pimp because of abuse. They purposefully choose runaway children because they know how easy it will be to control them. Although making lots of money, the pimps are usually uneducated, high school dropouts, with the average age entering into the industry being 23. The psychological mind set of a pimp is that human...