Human Services

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Human Service Midterm Study Guide

1. Self Actualization?
Fulfilling one’s innate tendencies and potentials.

2. Define Human Services?
Organized activities that help people in the areas of health care; mental health, including care for persons with retardation; disability and physical handicap; social welfare; child care; criminal justice; housing; recreations; and education.

3. What are primary social supports?
The network of social relationships, including, friends and family, that provides gratification of a person’s needs.

4. What is the definition of prejudice and what groups are the largest that are affected by prejudice? Prejudice – Preconceived attitudes and feelings about certain races, religions, or ethnic groups and people of a certain gender. These attitudes reflect negative stereo types that are often nothing more than simpleminded overgeneralizations about certain groups. African Americans, Latinos and women are the most affected by prejudice.

5. Conservative vs. Liberal point of view.
Conservatives support basic needs, but do not want to weaken their initiative. The more liberal approach would be a “collective effort.”

6. Who are the major financial sponsors/providers for Human Services? The government.

7. What do we know about the incidence of reported cases of child abuse? Abusive parents tend to be young, of lover economic-class status, frustrated, unemployed, alcohol abusers and often suffer from marital discontent. The Department of Health and Human Services points out the fact that maltreatment is more likely to occur in a household with an income of less than $15,000.

8. Know the cycle of poverty?
The poverty cycle is perpetuated by the fact that the disadvantages of poverty hinder the next generation’s chances to succeed. Poor language skills and a lack of early environmental stimulation may make it difficult for children to take full advantage of educational resources.

9. Be able to describe the “Changing in American Family.” The family is no longer organized primarily around child rearing. The lower birthrate, longer life expectancy, and divorce and remarriage rates are some of the contributing factors. Women are entering the labor marketing and setting career goals for themselves.

10. What is the Health Care Crisis in the U.S.? What are some of the causes? Millions of Americans do not have access to affordable health care. And in 1999 it was reported that 43.4 million Americans were not covered under any type of healthcare. One of the major problems is healthcare cost are running out of control. Many factors play are role in rising healthcare cost such as; cost of malpractice, fear of malpractice, technological advances have led to the cost of extremely costly medical equipment, treatments available for some diseases, administrative costs for processing medical insurance claims, Americans are living longer and some with chronic diseases and AIDS.

11. Who are the poor? How are they classified?
Those with a relative lack of money, resources and possessions. These groups include worker who have been laid off, partners who have been deserted by their spouses, and persons needed at home in a family crisis.

12. What is the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975? Now called IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) States must develop and implement policies that assure a free appropriate public education to all children with disabilities.

13. What are the changes that occurred with the Welfare Act of 1996? What were the goals? The states of the union now have primary responsibility for managing welfare programs. Increased money in the form of block grants is being sent from federal to stat levels.

14. Know something about the decades (especially 1930-1940 and 1960-1970) The great depression. FDR was president and responsible for Social Security. In the 30’s the movie industry saw a big boom. The...
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