A.According to Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the right to security of persons is a fundamental human right, to gather with a right to life and liberty. Human security emphasizes the need to strengthen empowerment of the citizens. Achievement of human security requires a global political cultural that is funded on shared values of human dignity and human rights. Hence important issues in human security like children in wax, lord mine and ethnic conflicts should be discussed from a broad human rights perspective. In essence, human security means freedom from pervasive threats to people’s rights, their safety or even their lives.
A human security perspective asserts that the security of the state is not an end in itself. Rather, it is a mean of ensuring security for its people. In this context, state security and human security are mutually supportive. Building an effective, democratic state that values its own people and protects minorities is a central strategy for promoting human security.
The term “human security” recognizes the linkages between environment and society. It also recognizes two other features of the link between environment and security. First, that feedback exists between environment and security; for example, environmental degradation may result in population movement, which, in turn, poses a threat to the environment.
The human development approach and the development of the human development index (HDI) was a major step forward in reorienting development for improvements in the lives of people and not merely economic growth. Human development is expansionist in nature and deals with increasing social services along with economic development to increase opportunities. However this concept does not offer solution to deal with the ‘downside’. It does not effectively dealt with measurement and analysis of situations where freedoms are...