Human Rights Protection in Rwanda

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 31
  • Published : March 3, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION IN RWANDA

PAPER BY

MIEBOFA-APPAH, WINIGKIN DAVID
(Research Consultant at MicroWin Training & Research Centre)

A PUBLICATION OF MICROWIN TRAINING & RESEARCH CENTRE (Division of MicroWin PCBS Resources) For other publications by the same author, visit www.miebofa.blogspot.com or call 0805.222.5.422; 0803.292.8.929

SEPTEMBER, 2012.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................... - 3 BACKGROUND INFORMATION ............................................................................... - 4 UNDERLYING QUESTIONS ........................................................................................ - 6 THE COUNTRY, RWANDA ......................................................................................... - 7 WHAT IS HUMAN RIGHTS? ....................................................................................... - 9 WHY SHOULD WE PROTECT HUMAN RIGHTS? ................................................ - 10 BENEFITS OF HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION? ................................................... - 10 HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION IN RWANDA ..................................................... - 11 CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................. - 16 REFERENCES ............................................................................................................... - 17 APPENDIX ................................................................................................................... - 19 -

-2-

HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION IN RWANDA

INTRODUCTION This paper critically examines the present situation of human rights protection as it exists in the ethnically-pronounced African nation of Rwanda. It seeks to throw light on how well and how effective the protection of the rights of the Rwandan citizen has been in the wake of the administration of Paul Kagame since becoming President in 2003. The paper also intends to portray how successful human rights protection and civil liberties mechanisms have been operating in the country with respect to compliance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations.

The main objectives of this paper are outlined as follows: 1. To x-ray the present situation of human rights protection and civil liberties in Rwanda and see how the general mechanism has complied with the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights; 2. To analyze the role that the present administration has played in ensuring universal human rights protection for all the people of Rwanda through is judicial system; -3-

3. To explore the participation of the citizenry in ensuring that there rights are protected. In this regard one may ask: how well is a Rwandese citizen aware of his or her rights and what are the challenges they face when trying to exercise these rights?;

4. One more objective this paper will consider is the involvement of the international community in the affairs of Rwanda with respect to protection of the rights of the people; and this consideration is against the backdrop of alleged neglect by the United Nations when situations where heating up prior to the genocide of 1994 (Prunier, 1997).

BACKGROUND INFORMATION Some background information will lend credence to issues at stake, and these include the following: 1. First, Rwanda is a country whose history is characterized by series of civil unrest, war, political instability, and genocide, and therefore, the issues of human rights become even more paramount because of tensions resulting from historical

happenings. It is expected that human rights protection due to historical events will pose challenges for present day Rwanda; -4-

2. Secondly, in trying to build a fledgling democracy into a viable and sustainable society, the government has the responsibility to ensure that its policies on human...
tracking img