Human Rights Notes

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Human Rights:
HR’s refer to the basic rights and freedom that are believed to belong to all human beings. WHAT SETS OUT THE FUNDEMENTAL PURPOSE FOR RECOGNISING HR’S? The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted be the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1948. It states that recognitions of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all freedom, justice and peace in the world. TYPES OF HR

There are three types:
oCivil and political rights – to vote
oEconomic social and cultural rights- safe workplace, sexuality, religion oCollective rights, such as environmental and peace rights and the right to self determination HISTORICAL SOURSES – Theories of law itself

oLaws of ancient civilisation in Mesopotamia, Ancient Rome, Greece or India oHistorical events such as the US Declaration of Independence oMajor conflicts particularly the first and second world war HISTORICAL MOVEMENTS THAT LED TO HR’S EVENTUAL RECOGNITION oThe abolition of slavery

oThe campaign for universal Suffrage
oThe trade Union movement and labour rights
oThe campaign for universal education
oThe right of a group to self determination
oEmergency environmental rights
oThe attempt to establish a right to peace
RIGHTS CONSIDERED TO BE APART OF HR’S
oInalienable rights – a right that cannot be taken away
oNatural law – the theory that certain laws come from an unchanging body of moral principles oPositivism – the theory that laws are valid simply because they are enacted by authority or from existing decisions oLabour rights

oSelf determination
oRight to peace
oUniversal declaration of Human Rights
ABOLITION OF SLAVERY
-System which individuals had no personal rights. Would be physically, emotionally and sexually abused. -The 13th amendment of the US Constitution formally outlawed slavery in 1865 after the Civil War. -After WW1 existence of slavery was found in Ethiopia and parts of Arabia -The convention to suppress...
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