Human rights and the violation of human rights in india
Human Rights in India
Human rights and the violation of human rights is an important area of concern in India. This essay will talk about some of the human rights that are being violated in India, the reasons they are violated, and how the problem can be stopped. Human rights should be defined first, they are as follows: It enshrines the right of every human being to: `life, liberty and security of person'; freedom from slavery; torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment; and arbitrary detention; equality before the law; and a fair trial; freedom of movement; nationality; the protection of the family; the ownership of property; freedom of thought, conscience and religion; participation in the government of his country; social security; work with just remuneration and the right to form or join a union; an adequate standard of living; and education. The Declaration ends by affirming the individual's duties to the community, and in the same spirit, states that `Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realised'. (Chiriyankandath et al., 1993) The declaration was ambitious with no legal authorization, essentially leaving no concrete definition to "human rights". However, any action that does take away any freedom from an individual is considered a violation. Although the constitution makes a list of fundamental rights and freedoms with respect to all individuals, violations are still present. The violations of "human rights" take place within India's political system. A democratic society cannot protect human rights when the politicians and police forces surrounding it are corrupt (Kumar et al., 2003). Corruption affects India at all levels of decision-making and in the distribution of the states largesse (Kumar et al., 2003). People normally think that violations are taking place from the hands of other citizens, in this case the violations are coming from those who are supposed to be protecting them. Corruption is a major obstacle in the development of India. There is an estimate that only 17 percent of funds allocated by government for poverty reduction actually reaches the poor. Corruption actually dilutes human rights in a significant way. The politicians and police should worry about everyday functioning of the state, rather they are well known for their corruptness and brutality which makes matters even worse for a large country. The violation of human rights has been present since the existence of India, and it will stay that way until some significant changes are made. History of India
India has a long history of the rise and fall of empire, change of ruling class and dynasties, foreigners coming onto its soil and, finally, the creation of India as its own country. The Aryans, the Muslims and the British were foreigners, who invaded India at different periods of time (Sinha et al., 2005). On August 15, 1947, India gained independence from the colonial rule of Britain. With the separation from British rule came the need for India to have their own fundamental rights. On November 26, 1949, a new constitution was adopted in India. Part three of the constitution has a section titled "fundamental rights" which is for all individuals living in India including: men, women, children, adults, rich and poor. The Indian justice system is in place to ensure that human rights are not violated. The courts are in charge to make sure that the proper punishment is handed to those who violate the human rights of others. However, with the level of corruption that takes place in India, they often do not fulfill their obligations. The fact that corruption remains an important problem even after fifty five years of Independence in India and continues to eat away the precious resources of the country, and that all forms of victimization result from civil, political, economic and social...
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