Human Rights and Students

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HEC101V
Assignment 2
Unique Number:
888837
Student Number:
49844377

Section 1
Primary Newsletter

Dear Parents,
This letter will give you more insight to the policy regarding HIV/AIDS in a school settlement. NATIONAL POLICY ON HIV AND AIDS FOR LEARNERS AND
EDUCATORS IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS AND STUDENTS AND
EDUCATORS IN FURTHER EDUCATION AND TRAINING INSTITUTIONS
(10 AUGUST 1999 VOLUME 410 NUMBER 20372)
1. BACKGROUND
HIV and AIDS is one of major challenges to all South Africans. It is estimated that almost 25% of the general population will be HIV positive by the year 2010. In South Africa HIV is spread mainly through: • Sexual contact

• Breast feeding
• Mother to child
In keeping with International standards and in accordance with education law and the constitutional guarantees of the right to a basic education, right not to be unfairly discriminated against, the right to life and bodily integrity, right to privacy, the right to safe environment and the best interests of the child.

2. PURPOSE / INTENTION OF THIS POLICY
To prevent the spread of HIV infection.
To demystify HIV & AIDS
• Allay fears
• Reduce stigma
• Instill non-discriminatory attitudes
Develop knowledge, skills, values and attitudes inorder that they may adopt and maintain behavior that will protect them from HIV infection and to support infected and affected.
The policy provides a framework for development of provincial and

schools policies and strategic plans for implementation thereof It further recommends establishment of health advisory committees 3. TARGET GROUP
• Learners and Educators in public schools
• Students and Educators in further education and training institutions
• Broader school community
• Provincial and District officials
4. THE SALIENT FEATURES/KEY MESSAGES OF THE POLICY
4.1 Premises
Because of an increase of infection rates, learners, students and educators with HIV & AIDS will increasingly form part of the population of schools and institutions. Non-discrimination and equality with regard to learners, students and educators

4.2 HIV & AIDS testing and admission of learners and students and / or the appointment of educators
4.3 Attendance at schools and institutions by learners or students – right to attend any school/institution.
4.4 Disclosure of HIV & AID statusLearners and educators are not compelled to disclose their status.
In cases where voluntary disclosure of their status has been done, it should be treated confidentially.
4.5 A safe school / institution environment
Provision must be made for all schools and institutions to
implement Universal precautions to eliminate risk of transmission. 4.6 Prevention of HIV transmission during play and sport
4.7 Education on HIV & AIDS – not to be seen as add on, but part of the curriculum
4.8 Duties and responsibilities of learners, students, educators and parents
4.9 Refusal to study with or teach a learner or student with HIV and

AIDS or to be taught by an educator with HIV and AIDS.
5. WHAT ARE ITS IMPLICATIONS IN RELATION TO OTHER POLICES?
5.2 Revised National Curriculum Statement
5.2.1 HIV and AIDS issues cut across all learning areas and therefore in the development of learning programmes these issues must
be captured.
5.3 Assessment Policy
5.3.1 It is important that learners who are likely to experience barriers to learning and development are identified early, assessed and provided with learning support. – multiple opportunities, adaptive methods of assessment..

5.4 Education WP 6 – Inclusive ed. (barriers and orphans, learners at risk)
5.4.1 The development of an inclusive education and training system must take into account the incidence and impact of the spread of HIV and AIDS and other infectious diseases.
5.5 Norms and Standards for funding
5.5.1 For the provisioning of all the appropriate equipment to implement universal precautions to eliminate risk of transmission (first aid kits, rubber gloves)
5.6 Work Place Skills...
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