Human Right in Islam

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Human Rights in Islam
Syed Abul A'la Maududi
Table of Index:
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CHAPTE R ONE : HUMAN RIGHTS, THE WEST AND ISLAM
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CHAPTER TWO : BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS
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The Western Approach The Islamic Approach

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CHAPTER THREE : RIGHTS OF CITIZENS IN AN ISLAMIC STATE
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The Right to Life The Right to the Safety of Life Respect for the Chastity of Women The Right to a Basic Standard of Life Individual's Right to Freedom s The Slave Trade of Western Nations s The Position of Slavery in Islam The Right to Justice Equality of Human Beings The Right to Co-operate and Not to Co-operate The Security of Life and Property The Protection of Honor The Sanctity and Security of Private Life The Security of Personal Freedom The Right to Protest Against Tyranny Freedom of Expression Freedom of Association Freedom of Conscience and Conviction Protection of Religious Sentiments Protection from Arbitrary Imprisonment The Right to Basic Necessities of Life Equality Before Law Rulers Not Above the Law The Right to Avoid Sin The Right to Participate in the Affairs of State

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CHAPTER FOUR : RIGHTS OF ENEMIES AT WAR

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Conclusion

The Rights of the Non-Combatants The Rights of the Combatants s Torture with Fire s Protection of the Wounded s The Prisoner of War Should not be Slain s No one Should be Tied to be Killed s No Looting and Destruction in the Enemy's Country s Sanctity of Property s Sanctity of a Dead Body s Return of Corpses of the Enemy s Prohibition of Breach of Treaties s Rules About Declaration of War

CHAPTER ONE: HUMAN RIGHTS, THE WEST AND ISLAM
Before I discuss the human rights in Islam I would like to explain a few points about two major approaches to the question of human rights: the Western and Islamic. This will enable us to study the issue in its proper perspective and avoid some of the confusion which normally befogs such a discussion. The Western Approach: The people in the West have the habit of attributing every good thing to themselves and try to prove that it is because of them that the world got this blessing, otherwise the world was steeped in ignorance and completely unaware of all these benefits. Now let us look at the question of human rights. It is very loudly and vociferously claimed that the world got the concept of basic human rights from the Magna Carta of Britain; though the Magna Carta itself came into existence six hundred years after the advent of Islam. But the truth of the matter is that until the seventeenth century no one even knew that the Magna Carta contained the principles of Trial by Jury; Habeas Corpus, and the Control of Parliament on the Right of Taxation. If the people who had drafted the Magna Carta were living today they would have been greatly surprised if they were told that their document also contained all these ideals and principles. They had no such intention, nor were they conscious of all these concepts which are now being attributed to them. As far as my knowledge goes the Westerners had no concept of human rights and civic rights before the seventeenth century. Even after the seventeenth century the philosophers and the thinkers on jurisprudence though presented these ideas, the practical proof and demonstration of these concepts can only be found at the end of the eighteenth century in the proclamations and constitutions of America and France. After this there appeared a reference to the basic human rights in the constitutions of different countries. But more often the rights which were given on paper were not actually given to the people in real life. In the middle of the present century, the United Nations,

which can now be more aptly and truly described as the Divided Nations, made a Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and passed a resolution against genocide and framed regulations to check it. But as you all know there is not a single resolution or regulation of the United Nations which can be...
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