Table of ContentPage1. Introduction of Malaysia Industrial Relations 12. Collective Bargaining 23. The Role of Government in Malaysia Industrial Relations 33.1 Legislator 3 - 43.2 Administrator 43.3 Participant 54. The Role of Union in Malaysia Industrial Relations 5 - 75. The Role of Management in Malaysia Industrial Relations 7 - 86. Conclusion 97. References8. Websites9. Journals10. Appendix1. Introduction of Malaysia Industrial RelationsMalaysia was a colony of Britain and as such as a parliamentary democracy modeled after the British system. The presence of three main ethnic groups (See appendix Figure 1) has been the cause of ethnic tension and Malaysia has developed a number of social and economic policies to ensure the continued prosperity and power for the indigenous Malay people (Sharma 1996). In Malaysia, Industrial Relations is the preserve of the Federal Government and not of the State Government, as stipulated by the Malaysian Constitution.
Malaysia has a tripartite of system Industrial Relations. At the national level, the Federal Government is empowered to make decisions on policies and legislation with advice from trade unions and employers. For instance, the National Labour Advisory Council is a forum to ensure the Federal Government receives input and feedback concerning both the employers and employee's viewpoints. Tripartism also extends to a number of other bodies such as the Wage Council, the Industrial Court, Employer's Provident Fund, the Social Security Organization and the National Productivity Council. The Federal Government is responsible for the legislation and administration and participation of Industrial Relations system throughout Malaysia.
(Page 1)2. Collective BargainingEven though Malaysia has a tripartite system of employment relations, however, the power of balance with this tripartite system is far from what could be considered equal. Malaysia whilst at different stages of this industrial transformation, where it wish to attract foreign investment and, consequently, its respective political systems have worked to control unions and maintain labour participation at a level that will encourage the investment.
Malaysia government policy has been subordinate the labour movement and guide trade unionism to the broader consideration of national economic development such as defined by ruling elite (Bean 1994, p. 219). This includes the passing of a succession of anti-labor laws in order to facilitate the strategy of national capital accumulation (Wad 1988). The Malaysian system of industrial relations in the private sector are closely controlled by the state: the...