Human Resources Management

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GREAT ZIMBABWE UNIVERSITY
FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
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The main thrust of this essay is to demonstrate that the discipline of Human resources management (HRM) is in a world of its own in terms of people management using the Guest model of HRM. The Guest model is different from any other models of human resources management because it says HRM is unique rather than what is suggested by other models that HRM was developed by personnel management and it is not a new practice but is goal which is being pursued but will never be achieved. Guest’s model of HRM has identified a number of stereotypical features distinguishing the personnel management from the human resources management which is characterized by strategic integration, flexibility, high commitment and quality. The model is a fusion of aspects that resemble a hard approach of human resources management. Guest (1987) successfully outlines that human resources management is unique. He suggested that HRM has strategic integration in terms of people management. There must be a fit between HRM strategy and the business strategy and congruence to achieve its goals. Also asserts that human resources are treated as any other resource as compared to the personnel management which suggests that people should be treated fairly as what the soft nature of Harvard’s model proposes. Therefore Guest has successfully distinguished the discipline of HRM as being in the world of its own in terms of people management. Moreover, still on strategic integration Guest outlines that there are implications of labor exploitation. However John Storey Model(1989) cited in Legge 1995 suggested that human resources is the most important source of competitive advantage hence they are not be treated as what Guest says, he argued that this lack of consensus about HRM arises from the absence of coherent theoretical basis of strategic integration. Therefore from this debate one can say that Guest demonstrated that the discipline of HRM is in a world of its own in terms of people management. Guest’s model has another crucial factor of HRM which is flexibility. It is basically concerned with the ability of the organization to adopt to change in an organization and capacity to manage innovation. Guest suggests that HRM is flexible and so are its procedures rather than personnel management which is rigid. In HRM if an employees commit an offence HRM is flexible one is treated accordingly not by procedures which guide action. One flexibility employees are treated as fairly as possible not a holistic approach of traditional personnel management. Guest was for the view that HRM in in a world of its own in managing people. It is a new practice geared to achieve business objectives unlike personnel management which more devoted to procedures and is rigid. Hence one can conclude that Guest model of HRM demonstrated that the discipline of HRM is in a world of its own and it is unique as what is opposed by other Models of HRM. In addition, Guest also demonstrate the issue of high commitment where he suggested that employees are committed to their work, they go an...
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