Human Resource Management and Culture

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How culture can be used to the strategic advantage of an organisation are problematic and reductionist. Consider the extent to which this is argued from both managerialist and academic perspective and what implications this has for HRS.

In this assignment I have to go through different aspect of culture through which it can be referred that even culture is a strategic and competitive advantage in today’s world because it is hard to imitate but still this strategic advantage can be problematic as there are different issues attached to it and have mainly shed light on these issues from management and Human Resource perspective. In the start of the assignment Culture is being discussed through different definitions and after that organisation culture is discussed through various definitions and academic literature. Then there is explanation of culture through Schein model of organisation culture. Later on there is discussion about learning organisation and what are the attributes of learning policies that effect culture within a organisation following by criticism. Majorly criticism is discussed underneath all of the theories and discussion in this assignment Then there is a discussion related with constraint of Culture relating to organisation strategic advantage which is discussed from managerial and human resource perspective and assignment finishes off with a conclusion

Culture is very important part of a society. It is normally a set way where human beings live their life, where they interact, communicate and behave in a certain manner or set forms of traditions, and normally people learn it from their surroundings. From given below definitions we can see that all these definition almost give the same perspective of culture but with little bit variations Definitions

Culture is a thin but very important veneer that you must be careful not to scratch. People from different cultures are basically the same and respond in the same way. However, make sure that you understand their basic customs and show an interest and willingness to learn the differences between your cultures. Mike Wills

Culture is the fabric of meaning in terms of which human beings interpret their experience and guide their action. Clifford Geertz
Culture is a little like dropping an Alka-Seltzer into a glass-you don't see it, but somehow it does something. Hans Magnus Enzensberger
O Mankind, We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know each other. The Quran, 49:13
Culture is the name for what people are interested in, their thoughts, their models, the books they read and the speeches they hear, their table-talk, gossip, controversies, historical sense and scientific training, the values they appreciate, the quality of life they admire. All communities have a culture. It is the climate of their civilization. Walter Lippmann

T.S. Eliot (1948)
Organisation culture
Organisation culture became an important factor of firms from early 1980’ as described by John Storey (2007) and from that period it has been recognise that it is an essential factor for performance of an organisation. Organisation culture also has major impact on business performance of an organisation. John Storey (2007)

Before describing organisation culture through Schein’s model (1985), given below are some definitions for organisation culture “The way we do things around here”
T.E. Deal and A.A. Kennedy (1982)
A belief system shared by an organization’s members”
J. C. Spender (1983) as cited by Griffin Moorhead (2007)
“The pattern of basic assumptions that a given group has invented, discovered, or developed in learning to cope with its problems of external adaptation and internal integration”
E. H. Schein (1985)
“A set of symbols ceremonies and myths that communicates the underlying values and beliefs of organization to its employees”...
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