Human Resource Management

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Working women and their challenges in field of life

Table of contents
* Abstract.......................................................

1) Introduction .....................................................

2) Literature review.............................................

3) Methodologies................................................

4) Statistical Data.................................................

5) Results……….....................................

6) Conclusions………………………….

Abstract:
The women of Pakistan have always experienced disadvantage relative to men of the same class. Social, cultural and religious factors have reduced the number of women entering the job market. Throughout the history of Pakistan, Muslim women have suffered a great deal of unnecessary restrictions due to the misconceptions of Islam. Women are brought up to believe they should stay within the four walls of their homes and avoid any contact with men they are not related to. These misconceptions are still prevalent in the society, and women, particularly working women, face lots of problems. Much has changed in the last decade, but even in urban areas, when a woman travels to work, she must still be ready for stares and rude remarks from strangers. The influx of women entering the job market has brought about a certain level of change in public attitudes and promoted acceptance of women’s professional potential. Many employers prefer women for certain jobs, since they are thought of as an expected to be obedient and docile. Still, most people simply assume that working women do not possess good characters. In this report study we noticed the major problems of the working women face as they aim to break traditional rules and restrictions on their employment and how they deal with such problems. Through a series of interviews, questioners women explained how they handle their problems, how they are being accepted by the society, how they stand up to society’s restrictions, and the effects of paid employment on their lives. Today, they face many of the same challenges that confronted women who entered the workforce a decade ago: the continuing struggle for pay equity, finding work in jobs traditionally filled by males, guaranteeing job safety, and balancing home obligations with work. Discussing the problems of working women in this report, we explained that working women have to face different types of difficulties and harassments. Harassment, in different manifestations from staring and stalking to sexual advances, is fear for many of them. Women do not generally feel intellectually challenged in their pursuits; rather they face psychological pressures, which restrict their active participation in work. Such annoying behavior is not limited to any specific society or any section of society; even the employers, highly educated bosses and government officials, also cause concerns. Women are however not always weak and subjugated; they enjoy active support and respect as well from their male relatives and colleagues. In professional sectors, many women have made inroads with their confidence, and have proven their abilities. There are cases where organizations also facilitate them with equal rights and remunerations. Discussing the increasing role of women in professional fields, we noted that women mostly prefer those jobs, where intellectual contributions are involved. Information technology, banking and other services sector organizations have more attraction for women. This implies that more important is to utilize the expertise of women than to drag them in all spheres of life, without having a regard for the requirements of their personal lives. There is a need to identify those sectors of national life, where women can contribute more effectively, and utilize their abilities to the fullest of their potential.

Introduction:
Men and women are pillars of society, without their equal participation in all...
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