Human Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an organization that focuses on recruitment of, management of, and providing direction for the people who work in the organization (Heathfield). It involves management decisions related to policies and practices which together shape the employment relationship and are aimed at achieving individual, organizational and societal goals (Boselie 2009). Human resource practices are designed and implemented by both HR professionals and line managers (Guest 1987). Legal and Political
Brunei is an Islamic Sultanate in an absolute monarchy. Culture plays a central part in the way the Legal System is run in Brunei. Firstly, it starts with the tradition of having a monarch. Selection is hereditary and along with that and other cultural beliefs, the governing structure of Brunei is shaped. (Maxwell) Following that, Brunei’s written Constitution and the three pillars of its national philosophy, namely Malay, Islam and Monarchy forms the constitution of law (MIB). (Chapter 2 - Sources of Law). Islamic laws govern the daily lives of the people in Brunei. The common law, Islamic law and the indigenous Bornean beliefs and practices encompasses the nature of how conflicts are resolved (Black 2002) Currently Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'Izzaddin Waddaulah is their monarchical leader. The essay discusses about the pros and cons between an absolute monarchy. Decision making in a constitutional monarchy comprise members of the parliament. In an absolute monarchy, the monarch holds the most power and the ultimate say in decision making. (Jilani 2011) In this system, areas such as the nation's image, the economic progress, and success depend heavily on the ruler. Decisions made affect the country as a whole. An absolute monarchy has the ability to use the same method to solve issues. With that, social and economic issues are made easier to resolve. This is very different from western countries such as the United Kingdom and Canada under constitutional governance. In a constitutional monarchy, the head of state is usually an elected individual. (Jilani 2011) In comparisons of the two, a constitutional monarchy might come across as generally more liberal. With reference to the case study, strict laws and conformity are established. It forms a foundation that does not allow organization or individuals to challenge the government and its policies. Because of their traditions, they feel reluctant to make major political structural change, making it a challenge to increase their lack of capacity for managing change. (Talib 2002) Bias rules and regulations set by the monarch open him to objections and unwanted attention. As a result of that, people get the perception that rules are not fair and not catered to their interest. This led to their attempts to express unhappiness. However, most of it was made void with the government's frequent use of its authority in Brunei. (Brunei Country Report) Cultural factors are seen as important in the legal department. The regard and extend of the traditional social hierarchy and its rules of behaviour, such as values like respect, loyalty and mutual cooperation, mitigates taking action against a person of royal or high social standing. (Black 2002) Their use of authority also limited what was published and released to the public. Censorship within local media limits their freedom of speech. Sensitive information, such as offensive messages toward the Sultan or government is removed to avoid offending them. (Brunei Country Report) The Government’s reactions did not help with the diverse opinions from Bruneians. In one instance the government has been responsive to public opinion on social and environmental issues. In another, the Internal Security Department was said to have attempted to identify the people who have made their complaints. In the past, the government has arrested those who attempted to propagate unwelcome political views. (Brunei...
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