Human Resource Development and Organisational Perfomance

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EMPLOYEE DEVELOPMENT
INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT
HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AND ORGANISATIONAL PERFOMANCE

Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION1
ORGANISATIONS AND HRD1
HRD AND MOTIVATION1
TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT2
ORGANISATIONAL LEARNING2
OTHER EMPLOYEE DEVELOPMENT APPROACHES3
Coaching and Mentoring3
Talent management Career Development4
Net Gen’ers: Learning Gets Social5
Knowledge management5
CONCLUSION6
BIBLIOGRAPHYII



HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AND ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE
INTRODUCTION
It is often debated and generally accepted that human resource development (HRD) activities are important in an organisation. But the question lies within to what extent and how much does it contribute. The reason may lie in the facts that it is not easy to show the direct link between the two activities and that it is both difficult to define HRD precisely and its effect may not be experienced in the short run (Torrington et al., 2005, p.357). The purpose of this paper is highlight on the question on the extent to which HRD contributes to the performance of an organisation. ORGANISATIONS AND HRD

Swanson and Arnold (1996) asserted that HRD is a sub-system that operated in the main system; the organisation. In order for the organisation to be successful the objectives and goals of the subsystems must be aligned towards achieving the set goals of the main system. For example, the primary objective of the organisation would be to maximise return on shareholder investment. We may find that the objectives of training and development would be a level removed down, that is to maximise the capabilities of the employees, induce innovation, and produce high quality products and service. They may be different but a closer look at each of these objectives reveals that they serve a singular purpose; maximise the return (Swanson & Arnold, 1996, p.15). HRD and Motivation

Motivation is certainly the key for the people to keep returning to the job. However it must not be viewed through a single window which shows you that rewards and bonuses makes people motivated. In fact rewards and bonuses and all other financial and intrinsic benefits are classified as hygiene factors. These factors acts as motivators up to a certain level, beyond that they become satisfiers. Extrinsic factors such as the pure feeling of achievement, recognition, job enrichment, job enlargement and training and development are motivating factors. Achievement, job enrichment, job enlargement and training and development are essential elements of HRD and as we can see these elements dominate the motivating factors (Cohen, 2008). Training and development

According to Mathis and Jackson (1999), Training is a process whereby people acquire capabilities to aid in the achievement of organisational goals. Simply put training facilitates individuals with the knowledge and skills that are required to perform the present job. It differs from development where, development has a broader impact in providing new skills that is required to perform both present and future jobs (Mathis & Jackson, 1999). For example Tesco states that when they have well trained employees on the shop flow it benefits Tesco’s business image as customers are more confident in the competence and knowledge of staff they deal with. Tesco offers a wide range of training and development opportunities both on the job and off the job to its employees. Tesco takes both organisational objectives and individual’s training objectives in account. Tesco believes that efficient and effective training and development programs, helps them to create the flexible and committed employees, delivering the highest standard of service, which is crucially required for their growth and success (TheTimes100, 2009). Organisational Learning

CIPD defines learning as an environment where individuals ‘learn to learn’ and possess the capabilities that enable them to do so to help their employers to build and retain...
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