1. A push factor induces people to move into a new location. A pull factor induces people to move into a new location. 2.
| Push Factors
| Pull Factors
| Few Job OppurtuniesSlavery and Political InstabilityLess Arable Land
| Jobs Seems AvailableSome Political ConditionsMore Arable Land
3. An intervening obstacle is an environmental or cultural feature that hinders migration.
4. International migration is permanent movement from one country to another, while internal migration is permanent movement within the same country.
| Stage 2
| Stages 3 & 4
Very unlikely to migrate permanently to a new location.
| International migration is primarily a phenomenon of countries in Stage 2.
| Internal migration is more important in these last two stages.
6. In the past, men were the majority of immigrants with a percentage of 55, but now women constitute 55% of immigrants. Back then, more adult individuals would migrate rather than families. It’s about the same today as it was back then. However, there are more children migrating now then there was in the past.
7. i) With Mexico in Stage 2 of the demographic transition, more than three-fourths of migrants are from rural areas. ii) Most immigrants originate not from Mexico’s northern states but from interior states far from the U.S. border, as the distance-decay theory would suggest.
8. i) They get to earn more money to send back to their villages and whatnot. They get more job opportunities because they’re not U.S. citizens. ii) Some employers like to hire immigrants who don’t have visas that permit them to work in the United States, because they can pay lower wages and don’t have to provide any benefits.
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