Human Geography

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1. Age Distribution: Used to understand similarities and differences among countries. The most important factor is dependency ratio which is the number of people who are too young or too old to work compared to the number of people in their productive years. We divide the population into 3 groups- 0-14, 15-64, and 65 and older. 2. Agricultural Density: The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture. This density helps account for economic differences. MDCs have lower agriculture densities because technology and finance allow a few people to farm extensive land areas and feed many people. 3. Arithmetic Density: The total number of people divided by the total land area. Geographers use this to compare different conditions in different countries. 4. Cairo Conference: The United Nations International Conference on population and development was held in 1994 in Cairo, Egypt. During to conference world leaders and representatives of non-governmental organizations agencies gathered and agreed on 3 main goals. 5. Carrying Capacity: Population level that can be supported, given the quantity of food, habit, water and other life infrastructure present. Tells geographers how many people an area will be able to support. Affects the population and a country’s or area’s ability to support that population. 6. Census: A complete enumeration of a population. Takes place once a decade. Many maps rely on the census. 7. Child Mortality Rate: Death of children or infants under the age of five compared to 1000 live births. United States is 7.5. The highest country is Chad with 20.9%. 8. Contraception: Best method to lowering the birth rate. Family planning is a method. 9. Cornucopian: The theory- Earth has an abundance of resources that can never be used up. Believe technology will provide for population. 10. Crude Death Rate: The total number of deaths in a year for every 1000 people alive in the society. It is expressed as the annual...
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