Human Element a Case Study on Personality

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www.ajbms.org ISSN: 2047-2528

Asian Journal of Business and Management Sciences Vol. 1 No. 10 [108-127]

The Impact of Personality Traits and Employee Work-Related Attitudes on Employee Performance with the Moderating Effect of Organizational Culture: The Case of Saudi Arabia

Alharbi Mohammad Awadh (1) Universiti Teknologi Malaysia International Business School, Malaysia E-mail: alharbimohamd@gmail.com Wan Khairuzzaman Wan Ismail (2) Universiti Teknologi Malaysia International Business School, Malaysia

ABSTRACT The present conceptual study attempts to contribute new knowledge to the existing literature of personality, work-related attitudes and employee performance. Particularly, the study highlights the several definitions of personality in the contemporary literature. Further, the impact of personality traits (the big five model) and work related attitudes on employee work performance, including their inter-relationships was further discussed in an exhaustive detail. The study hypothesized that personality traits and workrelated attitudes such as job involvement and organizational commitment have direct positive significant relationships with employee work performance, with the moderating effect of organizational culture in the Saudi Arabian context. Keywords: personality, work-related attitude, employee organizational commitment, job involvement. performance,

1.1 INTRODUCTION The study begins with the definition of personality along with the traits associated with personality. Overall, the discussion focuses on how personality traits impact the employee work performance. Further, the personality trait theories are discussed and the suitable theory for this study selected and illuminated in detail. The rationale behind this step is to get a clear picture of the main variable of this research. The study continues with explicating professional traits, another important variable, as revealed by the extant literature. Furthermore, employee work related attitudes have been extracted from the literature and explained accordingly. Further, organisational culture is discussed, as it is envisaged a moderating variable in the present conceptual model. Finally, employee work performance in general and employee work performance from Saudi Arabian perspective has been highlighted in detail along with the proposed model, based on the theoretical foundations, as emerged from the literature. The present conceptual paper is guided by the following main research questions: (1) what is the relationship between personality and employee performance in the Saudi Arabian context? (2) What is the relationship between work-related attitudes and employee performance in the Saudi Arabian context? (3) What is the moderating effect of organizational culture in the Saudi Arabian context between personality and work-related attitudes, with employee performance?

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www.ajbms.org ISSN: 2047-2528 1.2 LITERATURE REVIEW Personality

Asian Journal of Business and Management Sciences Vol. 1 No. 10 [108-127]

Personality has been considered as an important factor in the personality related studies specifically for predicting the job performance. It is a behaviour which differentiates one person from another (Beer & Brooks, 2011) and provides acumen whether a person will do some specific job, in comparison to others (Sackett et al., 2002). Moreover, the traits, relevant to personality, are considered to be stable and steady throughout the work life in a personality behaviour model (Denissen et al., 2011; Gerber et al., 2011; Myers, 1998). Hogan and Shelton (2006) pointed out that the personality theories examine the variances and similarities in a person. The similarities can be used to predict one’s performance and behaviour, as they provide the collective attributes of human nature. Whereas, the variances provide the measures of individual’s performance and are used to describe human...
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