Human Diversity Chp 4 Vocab

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Human Diversity

Chapter 4
Vocabulary in italics: from page 67 to page 80.

1. Ethnicity is based on a conception of a shared cultural heritage. Refers to an individual’s cultural heritage, separate from one’s physical character. Per David Maybury-Lewis-ethnicity has a will-o-the-wisp quality that makes it extremely hard to analyze and not much easier to discuss. 2. Ethnic Group – collective of people who BELIEVE they share a common history, culture, or ancestry. Refers to an individual’s cultural heritage, separate from one’s physical character. 3. Culture-refers to all learned and shared ideas and products of society. In Tylors view “culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, arts, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by mankind as a member of society.” Boas definition of culture- a shared way of life that includes values, beliefs, and norms transmitted within a particular society from generation to generation. Is said to consist of the patterns of relationships within a specific territory. Was viewed as the by-products of the societal relationships. The transmission of learned knowledge. Exists with in the minds of individuals. 4. Enculturation- learning the language and various symbols, values, norms and beliefs in the environment to which one is exposed. 5. Society – refers to a particular group of humans within a specific territory. Refers to the patterns of relationships among the distinct social statuses and roles within this definite territory. Is said to consist of the patterns of relationships within a specific territory. 6. Symbols-abstract ideas that are embodied within language. 7. Language-standardized system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another. 8. Schemas-cultural models that are internalized by individuals and influence decision making and behavior. Culture is acquired by and modeled as schema within individual minds, which can...
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