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Human dignity and freedom of expression in media
Freedom of expression is the basis of human dignity and one of the human rights, according to the Universal Declaration of Human Right “Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers”. However, with the development of the media, the personality and dignity of the human is fading away from the freedom of speech and the press. For example, the recent hot events, two DJs Mel Greig and Michael Christian pretended to be Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Charles in a prank call to the London Hospital to inquire about Kate’s health. Nurse Saldana put their call through to another nurse who revealed details about the Duchess of Cambrige’s health on air. The hoax led to nurse Saldana’s suicide (Quan, 2013). Hence how to guarantee the harmonious development of human dignity and freedom of expression in the media is focused on in the contemporary society and law construction. In this event occurring in London, we are not easy to judge between right and wrong, just like we could not judge from appearances. Dignity in the crucial sense can support or oppose the priority of either free speech (Wright, 2006). Based on this, this article will discuss the importance of human dignity and freedom of expression in the media respectively and mutual relations between them. 1. Freedom of expression and hate speech
According to the constitution, Congress shall make no law about the following: to establish a kind of freedom of religion or static belief; restrict freedom of speech or freedom of the press; or limit the power of the people peaceably to assemble and the right to petition the government. Freedom of speech is often thought to serve democratic decision making, among other values (Wright, 2006). Hate speech is what based on ethnicity, race or other standard to personal attacks of abusive remarks. Hence, there were certain intersection and inherent contradiction between them. Therefore, everyone has the right to speak as human dignity. Freedom of expression owns mind is the basis of human dignity. The two Australian radio DJs have the right to express their ideas. If they are limited to express freely, the human dignity could be considered as a violation of one’s dignity. Thus, from this perspective, they are innocent. With the freedom of expression, media could reveal problems the underlying people are suffering from, and to some extent, it can help these people from persecution and threat of power politics. Media people have their dignity because they believe in their own worth. Living a meaningful life, they are worthy of the respect of others. Nonetheless, driven by interests the less determined men are likely to give up work ethic and damage the interests of others under no legal constraints. In this suicide case, the two DJs, as media man, seemed to abuse their rights for getting the scoop. As for the nurse, she was also failing by leakage of privacy without verifying the other side's identity, though she has the freedom of expression. On the other perspective, the demand of information to the people and the conflict between personal dignity requirements intensified in informational society. On the one hand, in modern society, as an informational society, information has become a huge wealth; therefore, a lot of people are trying to get more information, so that they can know themselves as well as enemies and be ever-victorious in the commercial society. Then, individual attempts to collect all kinds of information by all manner of means, at the same time, the special...