Professor Jeff Dunlap, Ph.D.
Summarize three theories related to human growth and development and identify at least one influential theorist for each. 1. Erik Erickson
Erik Erikson proposed eight developmental stages as an elaboration of Freud's psychosexual stages. Erikson believed that an individual's interactions with others characterize development and that successful social interactions constitute the major task to be achieved at each stage. Successful resolution of each stage leads progressively to hope and trust, autonomy, initiative and purpose, industry and competence, identity, intimacy, care, and wisdom and integrity. Erik Erickson eight developmental stages; * Oral sensory
* Muscular anal
* Loco motor
* Young adulthood
* Middle adulthood
2. Jean Piaget's Cognitive Development Theory it centers on how entities reason and in what way the rational process is distinctive in the multiple developmental stages. There are of four developmental stages; * The Sensorimotor (birth to 2 years of age) The Sensorimotor Stage occurs in infancy. Children are learning about themselves and their environment through motor and reflex actions, and realize they are separate from their environment. * Preoperational (2 to 7 years of age) This stage starts between two and seven years old, where most children start to acquire a logical mental representation of their surroundings, but the operational need to perform this organization are still lacking. * Concrete Operations (7 to 11 years of age) The Concrete Operational Stage is a productive period for children, during which they actively learn by doing, using the environment to stimulate their thinking. * Formal Operations (11 years to...