Human Cloning

Topics: Cloning, Stem cell, Human Pages: 5 (1406 words) Published: February 17, 2013
Human Cloning
(Excerpts from “Human Cloning: Right or Wrong?” by Eryl Davies)

The Raelian sect was founded in France in 1973 by a journalist, Claude Vorilhon (Rael.) Active in eight-four countries, the sect claims over 60,000 members. The Raelian sect formed a cloning company called: Clonaid.

For a heterosexual couple, perhaps it is the death of their child or a desire to take precautionary measures in case their child dies young or unexpectedly. The precaution would be to preserve samples of cells belonging to a child still living so that they could be used for organ repair or cloning in the future, if necessary. Or it may be couples struggling with fertility problems and longing for their own child.

A second reason for forming this company must be financial. When Clonaid began, it charged $50,000 for sampling and storing human cells, in a service known as Insuraclone.

Clonaid also intends to clone pets of wealthy persons who want their dead pets brought back to life. The same service will be offered to racehorse owners.

Their message is unmistakable. The only prospect of living after death is by means of cloning.

For Rael, cloning will enable mankind to reach eternal life. The next step will be to directly clone an adult person without having to go through the growth process and to transfer memory and personality in this person. Then, we wake up after death in a brand new body just like after a good night’s sleep!

The distinction between reproductive and therapeutic cloning. In therapeutic cloning, the cloning of human embryos is to produce stem cells to assist in treating degenerative diseases like Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and Muscular Dystrophy. By substituting new stem cells for those cells that have been lost, it is hoped that people suffering from these degenerative, and currently incurable, conditions can be helped significantly, if not healed.

We are unique, with each person possessing the same dignity and worth. Human life begins at conception (Jeremiah 1:4-5; Psalm 51:5; 139:13-16).

What is cloning? A process that makes exact replicas of genetic material. A number of stages can be identified with regard to the process of human reproductive cloning and here is an example of one such process.

At stage 1, the aim is to obtain 400 eggs which are female cells. These eggs are obtained from up to forty female donors. Doctors take from each donor up to fifteen eggs. Stage 2 involves taking cells from the person who is going to be cloned. In stage 3, the cell nucleus containing the DNA, that is, the genetic material found in all living organisms, is removed from each egg by means of a tiny needle.

Stage 4 involves placing the DNA-free eggs in contact with the cells of the person being cloned. An electric charge is then used to create a shock in order to fuse together both sets of cells. Usually, some eggs divide to form embryos – a term used to describe the human offspring in its earliest form in the first eight weeks from conception or fusing.

Over a short period of time, stage 5 involves several eggs being implanted in up to fifty surrogate mothers, from which nine or ten pregnancies can result. The pregnancies may end because of miscarriage or abortion when serious, often extensive, defects are discovered.

This process of human reproductive cloning is termed asexual reproduction because all the genes of the clone are derived from a body cell of just one person. By contrast, in normal sexual reproduction a child benefits from receiving an equal number of genes from each of its parents. And in this normal process, there is no need of artificial assistance to fuse the male and female cells together.

In conception or fertilization, the male sperm (cell) and the female egg blend together. A technical name for what is there, after fusion, is a zygote; it is a new cell, genetically complete, and includes all that is required to form us as unique individuals....
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