Human Anatomy & Physiology

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  • Topic: Joints, Synovial joint, Knee
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  • Published : January 9, 2011
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Chapter 8 Joints Matching Questions

Figure 8.1 Using Figure 8.1, match the following: 1) Periosteum. Answer: A Diff: 2 Page Ref: 251; Fig. 8.3 2) Articular cartilage. Answer: C Diff: 2 Page Ref: 251; Fig. 8.3 3) Joint (synovial) cavity. Answer: B Diff: 2 Page Ref: 251; Fig. 8.3 4) Synovial membrane. Answer: E Diff: 2 Page Ref: 251; Fig. 8.3

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5) Fibrous capsule. Answer: D Diff: 2 Page Ref: 251; Fig. 8.3

Figure 8.2 Using Figure 8.2, what type of axis does each joint have? A. B. C. D. Nonaxial Uniaxial Biaxial Multiaxial

6) Joint 1. Answer: D Diff: 2 7) Joint 2. Answer: B Diff: 2 8) Joint 3. Answer: B Diff: 2

Page Ref: 259; Fig. 8.7

Page Ref: 259; Fig. 8.7

Page Ref: 259; Fig. 8.7
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9) Joint 4. Answer: A Diff: 2 10) Joint 5. Answer: C Diff: 2 11) Joint 6. Answer: C Diff: 2

Page Ref: 259; Fig. 8.7

Page Ref: 259; Fig. 8.7

Page Ref: 259; Fig. 8.7

Figure 8.3 Using Figure 8.3, identify each type of synovial joint by name. 12) Joint 1. Answer: ball and socket Diff: 1 Page Ref: 259; Fig. 8.7 13) Joint 2. Answer: pivot joint Diff: 1 Page Ref: 259; Fig. 8.7

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14) Joint 3. Answer: hinge joint Diff: 1 Page Ref: 259; Fig. 8.7 15) Joint 4. Answer: plane joint Diff: 1 Page Ref: 259; Fig. 8.7 16) Joint 5. Answer: saddle joint Diff: 1 Page Ref: 259; Fig. 8.7 17) Joint 6. Answer: condyloid joint Diff: 1 Page Ref: 259; Fig. 8.7 True/False Questions 1) The amount of movement permitted by a particular joint is the basis for the functional classification of joints. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 249 2) All joints permit some degree of movement, even if very slight. Answer: FALSE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 249 3) Hinge joints permit movement in only two planes. Answer: FALSE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 259 4) Synovial fluid is a viscous material that is derived by filtration from blood. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 252 5) The articular surfaces of synovial joints play a minimal role in joint stability. Answer: TRUE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 252 6) The major role of ligaments at synovial joints is to help direct movement and restrict undesirable movement. Answer: TRUE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 253 7) The only movement allowed between the first two cervical vertebrae is flexion. Answer: FALSE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 256 4 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

8) Movement at the hip joint does not have as wide a range of motion as at the shoulder joint. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 266 9) A person who has been diagnosed with a sprained ankle has an injury to the ligaments that attach to that joint. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 270 10) A movement of the forearm in which the palm of the hand is turned from posterior to anterior is supination. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 256 11) The wrist joint can exhibit adduction and eversion movements. Answer: FALSE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 256, 259 12) Cruciate ligaments are important ligaments that stabilize all ball-and-socket joints. Answer: FALSE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 263 13) Flexion of the ankle so that the superior aspect of the foot approaches the shin is called dorsiflexion. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 259 14) The gripping of the trochlea by the trochlear notch constitutes the "hinge" for the elbow joint. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 266 15) The ligamentum teres represents a very important stabilizing ligament for the hip joint. Answer: FALSE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 267 16) The structural classification of joints is based on the composition of the binding material and the presence or absence of a joint cavity. Answer: TRUE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 249 17) Synovial fluid contains phagocytic cells that protect the cavity from invasion by microbes or other debris. Answer: TRUE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 252

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18) A person who has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis would be suffering loss of the synovial fluids. Answer: FALSE Diff: 2 Page...
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