Human Abdomen and Correct Answers

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  • Published : October 30, 2012
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* Question 1
2 out of 2 points
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| Which sound is normal to elicit when percussing in the seventh right intercostal space at the midclavicular line over the liver?Answer | | | | | Selected Answer:|    Dullness|
Correct Answer:|    Dullness|
Response Feedback: | The liver is located in the right upper quadrant and would elicit a dull percussion note.|
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* Question 2
2 out of 2 points
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| Which structure is located in the left lower quadrant of the abdomen?Answer | | | | | Selected Answer:|    Sigmoid colon|
Correct Answer:|    Sigmoid colon|
Response Feedback: | The sigmoid colon is located in the left lower quadrant of the abdomen.|
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* Question 3
2 out of 2 points
| |
| A patient is having difficulty in swallowing medications and food. The nurse would document that this patient has:Answer | | | | | Selected Answer:|    dysphagia.|
Correct Answer:|    dysphagia.|
Response Feedback: | Dysphagia is a condition that occurs with disorders of the throat or esophagus and results in difficulty swallowing.|
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* Question 4
2 out of 2 points
| |
| The nurse suspects that a patient has a distended bladder. How should the nurse assess for this condition?Answer | | | | | Selected Answer:|    Percuss and palpate in the hypogastric region.| Correct Answer:|    Percuss and palpate in the hypogastric region.| Response Feedback: | Dull percussion sounds would be elicited over a distended bladder, and the hypogastric area would seem firm to palpation.|

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* Question 5
2 out of 2 points
| |
| The nurse is aware that a change that may occur in the gastrointestinal system of an aging adult is:Answer | | | | | Selected Answer:|    decreased gastric acid secretion.| Correct Answer:|    decreased gastric acid secretion.|

Response Feedback: | As one ages, salivation decreases, esophageal emptying is delayed, and peristalsis is thought to remain fairly constant. Gastric acid secretion decreases with aging. Decreased peristalsis may result from decreased bulk in diet, decreased fluid intake, or laxative abuse.|

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* Question 6
2 out of 2 points
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| A 22-year-old man comes to the clinic for an examination after falling off his motorcycle and landing on his left side on the handlebars. The nurse suspects that he may have injured his spleen. Which of the following is true regarding assessment of the spleen in this situation?Answer | | | | | Selected Answer:|    An enlarged spleen should not be palpated because it can rupture easily.| Correct Answer:|    An enlarged spleen should not be palpated because it can rupture easily.| Response Feedback: | If you feel an enlarged spleen, refer the person but do not continue to palpate it. An enlarged spleen is friable and can rupture easily with overpalpation.|

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* Question 7
0 out of 2 points
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| A patient’s abdomen is bulging and stretched in appearance. The nurse would describe this finding as:Answer | | | | | Selected Answer:|    herniated.|
Correct Answer:|    protuberant.|
Response Feedback: | A protuberant abdomen is rounded, bulging, and stretched. See Figure 21-7.|
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* Question 8
2 out of 2 points
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| To the horizontal plane, a scaphoid contour of the abdomen depicts:Answer | | | | | Selected Answer:|    a concave profile.|
Correct Answer:|    a concave profile.|
Response Feedback: | Contour describes the profile of the abdomen from the rib margin to the pubic bone; a scaphoid contour is one that is concave from a horizontal plane.|
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* Question 9
0 out of 2 points
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| While examining a patient, the nurse observes abdominal pulsations between the xiphoid and umbilicus. The nurse would suspect that these are:Answer | | | | | Selected Answer:|    increased...
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