Associate Level Material
Assumptions and Fallacies
Write a 150- to 200-word response to each of the following sets of questions:
• What are assumptions? How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking? What might you do to avoid making assumptions in your thinking?
According to Dictionary (2013), assumptions means something we taken for granted, a supposition, the act of taking for granted or supposing or the act of taking to or upon oneself. We assume what we beliefs is true and use it to interpret to what is going on around us. This can interfere our critical thinking in many of our perspective. We naturally have the assumptions toward everything and base on what we believe, we tend to think this is the correct way, instead of thinking critical and logically toward it. It is hard to avoid making assumptions with our thinking, because assumptions come from our background and what we are today and how we look at worlds around us, but we have to keep in mind that don’t let our assumptions become the reason for our conclusion. We need to take our assumption and question how we come to the assumptions and base on that to help reduce the incorrect information. We can’t not make a conclusion base on our assumptions because what we believe to be true.
• What are fallacies? How are fallacies used in written, oral, and visual arguments? What might you do to avoid fallacies in your thinking?
According to Dictionary (2013), fallacies means an incorrect or misleading notion or opinion based on inaccurate facts or invalid reasoning. It have the tendency to mislead. A false or mistaken idea based on faulty knowledge or reasoning. For example, you can’t prove that there aren’t Martians living in caves under the surface of Mars, so it is reasonable for me to believe there are. Fallacies is used every day around us, when writing, we tend to write statement or theory that are fallacies because we unable to prove our main idea or...
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