Guided Reading 1
"The Origins of Agriculture to the First River-Valley Civilizations”
1. Culture- the behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social,ethnic, or age group
2. foragers -
People that seek food
3. animal domestication-
taming animals who have been accustomed to human control
branch of agriculture that’s concerned with the raising of livestock
5. matrilineal/patrilineal lineages-tracing descent, kinship, or title through the female line. tracing descent, kinship, or title through the male line
Structures and complexes of very large stones constructed for ceremonial and religious purposes
A more complex society
8. Babylonian Creation Myth-
A self-governing state consisting of a city and surrounding territory
In the 3rd millennium, Sumerian documents show the emergence of a “lugal” or “big man” what we would call a king
Earliest form of writing
12. Dynasty-line of hereditary rulers of a county
13. Hammurabi’s Law Code-first written laws in 1600 BCE
14. Scribes-Paid writers
15. Anthropomorphic gods-Sumerian gods embodied by nature.
16. Ziggurat-Religious temples
17. Amulets-Small charms meant to protect the bearer from evil
18. Technology-The tools and processes by which humans manipulate the physical world.
19. Cataract-a sudden rush of water
20. Pharaoh- Central figure in ancient Egyptian state
Egyptian term for the concept for the concept of the universe
22. Pyramid / The Great Pyramid- large triangular stone monument, used in Egypt to bury the king
23. The Old Kingdom / Middle Kingdom / New Kingdom-
A system of writing used by the Egyptians.
25. Rosetta Stone-
An inscription from the 2nd century that gave hieroglyphic and Greek versions the same text
A reed that grows in in the banks of the Nile River... [continues]
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