Hugo Chávez has a military career office and he founded the left-wing Fifth Republic Movement, with his experience in that field he tried in 1992 a coup d'état1, trying to take out Carlos Andrés Pérez, the former Venezuelan president, but he failed. Chávez was arrested and put in prison. While he was in prison, there was another coup d'état lead by few units of the Venezuelan Air Force but it failed. One year later, Rafael Caldera, before being president, used the turmoil to comment on the degradation of the government and increase of poverty in the country. Because of that, intellectuals associated with Caldera, helped to impeach Pérez. Chávez was pardoned two years after his imprisonment. Few moments after his release, Chávez got the national spotlight, giving him support for the elections of 1998. He reconstituted the Fifth Republic Movement (MVR, V of the Roman numeral five). While creating his campaign, he heavily based his ideology in the Bolivarianism founded by Simón Bolívar. In elections, Chávez won by 55% of the popular vote against the candidate of right-wing, Enrique Salas Römer that got 40% of the total popular votes.
Chávez has based his ideology in to people, Fidel Castro and Simón Bolívar. Bolívar was credited with leading the fight for independence of many Spanish colonies; those colonies where Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Panama, and Bolivia. As stated before, he founded the Bolivarianism that its main purpose is to unify Latin-America. Castro, one of the followers of the Bolivarianism, he combined it with communism and it is what is now the government of Cuba. (DO NOT FORGET to leave feedback because it encourages the author to post more essays.) As his apprentice, Chávez has learned many things from Castro and he has applied it to the Venezuelan constitution of 1999. Some of the main points of that constitution are: Venezuelan economic and political sovereignty (anti-imperialism), grassroots political participation of the population via popular votes and referenda (participatory democracy), economic self-sufficiency (in food, consumer durables, etc...), instilling in people a national ethic of patriotic service, equitable distribution of Venezuela's vast oil revenues, and eliminating corruption. Puntofijismo and the Boliviaranism
When he was elected by first time in office, he promised to change the politics and "laying the foundations of a new republic" (Wikipedia, 2007). One of his ideas...