The novel is set in the 1930's in St. Petersburg, a fictitious place supposedly reminiscent of the town of Hannibal, Missouri the place where Mark Twain grew up. It follows the events in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, also of the same author.
Huck Finn. Huckleberry Finn or Huck Fin is the protagonist of the story. A dynamic character, he is a liar and sometimes a thief. In Tom Sawyer's book, he is a vagabond with a drunkard father. In this book, he starts as a ward to Miss Watson and Widow Douglas. He is afraid of responsibilities and being civilized. Everything that he is changed, when his father kidnapped him and he ran away. He became responsible and loyal to the slave Jim whom he freed from slavery.
Jim. Nigger Jim is a slave of Miss Watson and the Widow Douglas. He overhears that the sisters are planning to sell him, to he tried to escape and believing that he has the chance to be free. While in hiding, Huck sees him and let him join to his journey to the Mississippi river. He is the antagonist to Huck's character. Although they became true friends, through him Huck felt guilt and shame but later realized the value of friendship.
Tom Sawyer. He is Huck's best friend and comrade to their adventures. He is smart and witty but sometimes nasty. He betrayed Jim just to play along with the scheme that Huck put up just to be adventurous even if he don't have to. He is both static and a flat character.
Pap Finn is the drunkard father of Huck. He is a miserable human being capable of hurting his son just to fulfill his drunkard lifestyle. He is the epitome of evil in the novel. Just before the novel closes, Tom told Huck that his father died, and he died drunk.
Aunt Sally. She is Tom's aunt. When Huck and Jim posed as Tom (Huck) and Huck (Jim), she accepted them fully and lovingly. She is a compassionate lady and made Huck feel something about having a mother.
Miss Watson and Widow Douglas. They are the sisters that took care of Huck after the affairs that happened in Tom's novel. They taught Huck about responsibility and being civilized, but Huck as said before hates both, until the later events happened. After the said events, nothing more is said about them but only about Miss Watson's death and will to free Jim.
The Duke and the Dauphin. They are two grafters that joined Huck and Jim in their raft. They are both scheming artists and thieves. They used Jim and Huck to help them steal the properties of Peter Wilks, a deceased rich man. They even tried to sell Jim, but unknowingly, to Tom's uncle.
Friendship means Loyalty and Trust.
The novel show the importance of responsibility and loyalty to friends. Huck was at first reluctant to accept the responsibility to Jim but as Huck realized that Jim was truly a friend to him and not just a mere slave, he accepted that responsibility and became loyal to that cause.
The story of Huck Finn is about a young boy in search of adventure. He found it when he helped Jim escape and let him be free. They met different people in their every stop over bust most of them bad people. They met Tom as they came to Aunt Sally's house and there the story came to and ending and Jim became free and Huck a more responsible young man.
Mark Twain uses many different types of symbols to get Twains numerous messages across. Twain signifies the Mississippi river as a symbol to get away from society for Huck and Jim. Twain also criticizes the way society runs and the things it teaches everyone to be. The river vs. land setting in Huckleberry Finn symbolizes Huck's struggle with himself versus society; Twain suggests that a person shouldn't have to conform to society and should think for themselves.
In every work of Mark Twain, there is always irony and humor. I think this novel is not just a novel but a satire. Such kind of work had been the trademark of Twain.
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