Shameika L. Brown
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
The kinship group I chose to describe is the Btsisi who are a horticulturalist society, which means they cultivate plants and prepare the soil, horticulturalists differ from foragers in their dependence on domesticated plants for most of their food energy” (Nowak, B., & Laird, L. (2010). For the purposes of this paper I will provide information on the Btsiti tribe kinship and specific examples of how the kinship system impacts their way of life, about the culture itself, as well as, compare their information to my own society. Kinship is the key or the foundation to social relations in the Btsisi tribe, like foragers, in food producing cultures such as cultivating cultures, social relationships need to cope with a more sedentary life (Nowak, B., & Laird, L. (2010). Among the horticultural communities, which the Btsisi are a part of that community, “a family composed of at least three generations including grandparents, parents, and children, and possibly married siblings and their spouses and children—is most common and adaptive” (Nowak, B., & Laird, L. (2010). The reason why extended family are important because they are larger, which provides more labor and more completion of both domestic and subsistence work. When the extended group is not enough there is much larger group called the descent groups. There are several different types of Descent groups, Descent group is defined as a social group identified by a person to trace kinship relationships (Nowak, B., & Laird, L. (2010). Lineage is another descent group in which is how people trace their lineage by blood or by marriage. For example, if I wanted to know who I was related to on my father and mother side I will have to trace their lineage. Unilineal is another descent group where kinship is identified through one sex only, then there is the Matrilineal and Patrilineal descent...