Successful health and safety management
This is a free-to-download, web-friendly version of HSG65 (Second edition, published 1997). This version has been adapted for online use from HSE’s current printed version. You can buy the book at www.hsebooks.co.uk and most good bookshops. ISBN 978 0 7176 1276 5 Price Code BE Successful health and safety management was prepared by HSE as a practical guide for directors, managers, health and safety professionals and employee representatives who want to improve health and safety in their organisation. Its simple message is that organisations need to manage health and safety with the same degree of expertise and to the same standards as other core business activities, if they are to effectively control risks and prevent harm to people. This book describes the principles and management practices which provide the basis of effective health and safety management. It sets out the issues which need to be addressed, and can be used for developing improvement programmes, self-audit or self-assessment.
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Health and Safety Executive
© Crown copyright 1997 First published 1991 Reprinted 1992 (twice), 1993, 1994, 1995 Second edition 1997 Reprinted 1998 (twice) Reprinted (with amendments) 2000 (twice), 2003, 2006 Reprinted 2008, 2011 ISBN 978 0 7176 1276 5 You may reuse this information (not including logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence. To view the licence visit www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/, write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email firstname.lastname@example.org. Some images and illustrations may not be owned by the Crown so cannot be reproduced without permission of the copyright owner. Enquiries should be sent to email@example.com. This guidance is issued by the Health and Safety Executive. Following the guidance is not compulsory and you are free to take other action. But if you do follow the guidance you will normally be doing enough to comply with the law. Health and safety inspectors seek to secure compliance with the law and may refer to this guidance as illustrating good practice.
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Health and Safety Executive
Foreword 5 6 7 Introduction Chapter 1 Summary
Policy 7 Organising 7 Planning 7 Measuring performance 8 Auditing and reviewing performance 8
Chapter 2 Effective health and safety policies Inset 1 Accident ratio studies 13
The importance of people to an organisation 11 Avoiding loss - the total loss approach 12
Prime responsibility for accident and ill health prevention rests with management 14 The importance of organisational factors 14
Inset 2 Inset 3
A systematic approach 17
Human factors in industrial health and safety 15 Examples of health and safety philosophy 16
Inset 4 The impact of effective health and safety policies on business thinking 18 Quality, environment and health and safety management 19
Chapter 3 Organising for health and safety Control 23 Inset 5 Performance standards 24 Inset 6 Supervision 26 Co-operation 28 Communication 29 Information inputs 29 Information flows within the organisation 29 Visible behaviour 29 Written communication 30 Face-to-face discussion 31 Information flow from the organisation 31
Inset 7 An outline for statements of health and safety policy Competence 31 Inset 8 Training for health and safety 33 Inset 9 Role and functions of safety advisers Chapter 4 Planning and implementing Planning for health and safety 39 Workplace precautions 39 Risk control systems (RCSs) 41 Management arrangements 42 Setting objectives 46 Devising workplace precautions
Planning the overall health and safety management system 44 Inset 10 Controlling health risks 46
Hazard identification 49 Risk assessment 49 Risk control 50
Inset 11 ‘So far as is reasonably...