Assignment #1 – Health Care Issues in the United States
Health Services Organization – HSA 500
October 23, 2010
Explain how health is affected by behaviors, economics, and social structure. A number of reports as well as statistical data indicate social behavior, economic status, and social structure are important determinants of health. According to Williams and Torrens, tobacco use, alcohol consumption, and illicit drug use are all examples of personal decision making and patterns of behavior that have a tremendous adverse effect on personal health and on the nation’s economy (Williams & Torrens, 2010). Alcohol consumption, for instance, can lead to vehicular accidents, workplace injuries, and even cirrhosis of the liver. These adverse consequences affect our society because they can lead to an increase of violent crimes as well as overall general social dysfunction (Williams & Torrens, 2010).
Economic status also plays an enormous role in one’s health because numerous discrepancies continue to exist due to ethnicity and socio-economic status. Those who live in poorer communities often suffer from greater ill health while those living in deprived areas are often without access to the best health care. This lack of prevention stems from poor education often received in those areas and the culture that often permeates within them. Describe the three stages of medical technology development. The three stages of medical technology are review by regulatory agencies, technology assessments by insurance carriers, and review by purchasers, clinicians, and consumers. Review by regulatory agencies is the most recognized of the three stages and is administered by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA is responsible for protecting and promoting public health by regulating pharmaceutical products and medical devices. Each product must go through a series of approvals, clinical trials, and post market surveillance protocols in order to ensure its safety...
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