Hrm & Thirukkural

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HRM & THIRUKKURAL

BY
Reshmi R (11AC23)
Gunaseelan Mathivannan (11AC11)
Nithin N (11AC15)
Vinod M (11AC41)
Vinoth Kishore A (11AC43)
1. ABSTRACT
Tirukkural is a masterpiece of Tamil literature, composed during the last of the three Sangam eras. Kural continues to be important today, in the twenty first century, for scholars believe that Kural conveys many important messages to the society. Modern management could be read in conjunction with Kural and analogies could be drawn between them. The new theories in Human Resource Management are expressed in an abstract form in Kural. HRM has got four important functions viz. acquisition, development, leadership & motivation, and maintenance functions. Employees were just as much a resource as any other asset and needed to be carefully acquired, used and maintained. Thiruvalluvar has dealt with all the four functions of HRM in a subliminal way leaving the comprehension to the ingenuity of the individual who peruses them. His findings and human behaviour are not based on research or experimentation but by his genius, acumen and analytical power. Some of the aspects of administration covered in Thirukkural are astounding and are relevant even for the present day administration. Repeated reading of Thirukkural in conjunction with modern management will help us in understanding the aesthetic aspects and literary dimensions of the four management functions, planning, organizing, leading and controlling.

2. INTRODUCTION
2.1 TIRUKKURAL
Tirukkural constitutes one of the most important literary works in Tamil. It is generally reckoned that Kural was composed during the Sangam Period of literary development in Tamil (500-200 BC). Kural continues to be important today, in the twenty first century, for scholars believe that Kural conveys many important messages to the society. International interest in the study of Kural can be traced to the second half of the nineteenth century.   Tirukkural is a masterpiece of Tamil literature, composed during the last of the three Sangam eras. While it has not been possible to exactly date the work, the reference to Kural in the great epics Manimekalai and Silappadhikaram give us some idea of when it would have been composed.

Thirukkural, encompasses wisdom in capsule for all walks of life. It was universally acclaimed as a great piece of literature, both by the West as well as the East. The works contemporary to Thirukkural lack the ideal perception and ethical vision. Kural goes beyond the reporting of the actual and encompasses the paradigms for the future. Modern management could be read in conjunction with Kural and analogies could be drawn between them. The new theories in Human Resource Management are expressed in an abstract form in Kural. Administration and Management are age-old concepts and they started, whatever in a small form right from the days of settlement and cession of nomadic life. The important elements found in Kural with reference to general administration are applicable without any alteration at any point of time.

2.2 TIRUVALLUAR
 Not much is known about Tiruvalluvar, the author of the work though it is believed that he was born in Mylaopore (Chennai, Tamilnadu) and belonged to the weaver community. He is also known by several other names e.g., Nayanar, Theivappulavar, Perunavalar. The work itself is often called Tamil Marai, a reference to its identification with the Vedas. 2.3 KURAL-Statistics

  Tirukkural is a work of 1330 couplets each of which conforms to the structure of "Kural Venba", a grammatical construction with two lines of four and three words respectively. The work is arranged in 133 Adhikarams, each with 10 couplets. The 133 Adhikarams are divided into three major groups known as "Aram", "Porul" and "Inbam". Aram represents Virtue, Porul defines...
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