Hrm Overview

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Human Resource Planning

HR Planning




HR Planning is the process of examining an organizations‟ future human resource need. It involves:  



Identifying and acquiring the right number of people with the proper skills Motivating them to achieve high performance Creating interactive links between business objectives and resource planning activities

Human Resource Planning
Human Resource Planning (HR Planning) is both a process and a set of plans. It is how organizations assess the future supply of and demand for human resources.

An effective HR plan also provides mechanisms to eliminate any gaps that may exist between supply and demand. Thus, HR planning determines the members and types of employees to be recruited into the organization or phased out of it. Dynamic by nature, the HR planning process often requires periodic readjustments as labor market conditions change.

HRP Process
Strategic Planning Technological forecasts Economic forecasts Market forecasts Organizational planning Investment planning Annual operating plans Human Resource Demand Annual employment requirements Numbers Skills Occupational categories Human Resource Supply Existing employment inventory After application of expected loss and attrition rates Compared with

Variances

If none

End

If surplus

If shortage

Decisions Action Decisions Layoff, retirement, etc.

Decisions Overtime, recruitment, etc.

End

End

The HRP Process
All effective HR planning shares certain features. It is generally agreed that HR planning involves four distinct phases or stages: Situation analysis or environmental scanning

Forecasting demand for human resources

Analysis of the supply of human resources

Development of plans for action

Why is HRP important ?
  

Even an imperfect forecast is better than none at all Anticipating needs – prepare for the future gives you an edge Address potential problems – avoid skill deficiencies

What is HRP?
 



HRP is a sub-system of total organizational planning. HRP facilitates the realization of the company‟s objectives for the future by providing the right type and number of personnel HRP is also called Manpower planning, Personnel planning or Employment planning



HRP ensures that the organization has:

  

Right Number Right Kind Right Place Right Time

Benefits of HRP



 



Create reservoir of talent Prepares people for future Expand or Contract Cut Costs Succession Planning

Forecasting Techniques



 




Managerial Judgment Ratio trend analysis Work Study Techniques Delphi Technique Flow Models Others

Factors in Demand forecasting
Social factors – Working conditions, Govt. regulations, environmental conditions, religious, cultural. Technological Factors Political Factors – Trade restrictions, War etc. Economic Factors Demand generation Growth Employee Turnover



  


 

Job Analysis
Job Analysis is not a one time activity as jobs are changing constantly The job and not the person – an important consideration in job analysis is conducted of the job and not of the person It simply highlights what are the minimum activities that are entailed in a job.







Job Analysis


Skill Range






Does the job cover a reasonable but not too extensive range of different tasks? Are there opportunities to use knowledge and skills associated with effective performance of the job? Can the individual make full use of their skills and develop their skill base?

Job Analysis


Job Purpose



 



Is the purpose of the job clearly and unequivocally Is its contribution to the organisation‟s objectives evident? Is its contribution to its dept obvious? Is the post holder responsible for the successful completion of the whole job? Do the internal systems help the post holder do the job?

Job Analysis


Relationships  Are the formal...
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